Surabaya is a port city on the Indonesian island of Java. A vibrant, sprawling metropolis, it mixes modern skyscrapers with canals and buildings from its Dutch colonial past. It has a thriving Chinatown and an Arab Quarter whose Ampel Mosque dates to the 15th century. The Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes Monument) honors the independence battles waged in Surabaya’s streets in 1945. The first fact you are going to know is Surabaya is the second-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta. It has an area of approximately 374.8 km2 (144.7 mil²) and has a population of more than 3,123,914 inhabitants. It is not such a surprise since Surabaya is the capital city in the province of East Java.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Surabaya is believed to have been founded some time towards the end of the thirteenth century. The name is a combination of the words for “shark” and “crocodile”, and comes from a legendary battle between the two to establish which was the strongest animal. Statues and depictions of the battle litter the city. Culture of Surabaya. Places to visit – old town, temples, theatres, museums and palaces. The second-largest city in the country attracts travelers with colorful entertainment venues, upscale restaurants, shops and amazing sights. The main religion observed in Surabaya is Islam. Over 85% of the population practices this religion. Other religions include Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism.
Brief City History
Surabaya is believed to have been founded some time towards the end of the thirteenth century. The name is a combination of the words for “shark” and “crocodile”, and comes from a legendary battle between the two to establish which was the strongest animal. Statues and depictions of the battle litter the city. The founding of the city roughly coincides with the expulsion of Moguls-Chinese invaders and the rise of the Hindu Majapahit Empire, which ruled the area for around 200 years. After the fall of Majapahit, Surabaya became a sultanate in its own right and spent the next 200 years fighting off the Islamic Mataram, Madura and the Dutch.
The city ultimately fell to Mataram early in the seventeenth century in one of the most bloody battles in Java’s history. Mataram weakened over the next 100 years and was ultimately subsumed by the Dutch East Indies Company. The Dutch turned Surabaya into a major trading port and even then based most its navy there. The city was captured by the Japanese during World War II. Indonesian nationalists forced out the Japanese in 1944. However, the Dutch and their western allies returned in 1945 and tried to re-exert their control over the city. It was the raising of the Dutch flag over what is now the Hotel Majapahit in 1945 that sparked off a series of events that led to the “Battle of Surabaya” and ultimately Indonesian independence on 17 August 1949. The battle itself was preceded by a series of what today would be called terrorist events that culminated in a car bombing that killed the British Brigadier General Mallaby at the Jembatan Merah, or Red Bridge as it’s known in English. Today, the decidedly un-photogenic Red Bridge is a standard stop on tours of the city.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The language spoken is: Indonesian (national) language, Javanese language with SURABAYA accent. An only a small group of Surabaya citizen spoken English. And only a few Chinese can speak Chinese.
Important Types of Commerce in Surabaya
Some big industry in Surabaya are PT Sampoerna TBK, Maspion, Wing’s Group, Unilever, and PT PAL. Surabaya Indonesia has several industry areas as well, such as Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut (SIER), and Margomulyo.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Surabaya
Doing business with Surabaya requires an understanding of their local language which is Chinese and Javanese. An individual or business is required to have a Chinese and Javanese interpreter accompanying them in Surabaya for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Chinese and Javanese Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
Looking for a Chinese, Javanese translation company? Look no further. American Language Services (AML-Global) offers certified translations, native interpreting services, and turn-key localization solutions for any language. Call us today @ 1-800-951-5020 for further information, visit our website https://www.alsglobal.net/ or for a quick quote click http://alsglobal.net/quick-quote.php.