St. Louis is a major city in Missouri along the Mississippi River. Its iconic, 630-ft. Gateway Arch, built in the 1960s, honors the early 19th-century explorations of Lewis and Clark and America’s westward expansion in general. Replica paddle wheelers ply the river, offering views of the arch. The Soulard district is home to barbecue restaurants and clubs playing blues music. St. Louis, an independent city in the state of Missouri, has a land area of 62 square miles and a water area of 4.1 square miles, bringing the total area of the city to around 66 square miles. It is seated on hills and terraces that are 100 to 200 feet above the level of Mississippi river’s western banks. The majority of St. Louis comprises rolling prairies, low hills, shallow valleys, and wide flood plains which are formed by both the Mississippi and the Missouri rivers. At the downtown south area, you will find several sinkholes and caves, of which most are sealed. There are also several springs by the riverfront.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, and named after Louis IX of France. During the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River; at the time of the 1870 Census, it was the fourth-largest city in the country. The culture of St. Louis, Missouri includes a variety of attractions located within the city of St. Louis, Missouri and in surrounding communities in Greater St. Louis, such as local museums, attractions, music, performing arts venues, and places of worship. Roman Catholicism became the most common religion in the region due to the heavy influence brought in from Europe. The town was officially named in April of 1764 as “Saint Louis” by Pierre Laclede, one of the founding members of the community.
Brief City History
Pierre Laclede Liguest, recipient of a land grant from the King of France, and his 13-year-old scout, Auguste Chouteau, selected the site of St. Louis in 1764 as a fur trading post. Laclede and Chouteau chose the location because it was not subject to flooding and was near the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Construction of a village, named for Louis IX of France, began the following year. Most of the early settlers were French; many were associated with the fur trade. St. Louis transferred to the Spanish in 1770, returned to France under a secret treaty with Napoleon, and, following the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, became part of the United States. According to legend, on the day of transfer of the territory to the United States in 1803, St. Louis flew under three flags in one day–French, Spanish, and American. The town gained fame in 1803 as the jumping-off point for the Louisiana Purchase Expedition of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. After 1804, more New Englanders and other East Coast emigrants settled in St. Louis, but the population remained predominantly French until well into the 19th-Century. St. Louis incorporated as a city in 1823. During the 19th-Century, St. Louis grew into an important center of commerce and trade, attracting thousands of immigrants eager to find a new life on the edge of the frontier.
Between 1840 and 1860, the population exploded with the arrival of many new immigrants. Germans and Irish were the dominant ethnic groups settling in St. Louis, especially in the wake of the German Revolution and the Irish Potato Famine. St. Louis was a strategic location during the American Civil War, but it stayed firmly under Union control–in large part because of the fiercely loyal German influence. No major battle was fought in or near the city, although the “Battle of Camp Jackson” was a noteworthy skirmish fought on the modern-day location of the St. Louis University campus. Later waves of St. Louis settlers included Italians, Serbians, Lebanese, Syrians, and Greeks, who settled here by the late 19th-Century. Although the 1986 tax reform and the recession of the late 1980s and early 1990s slowed growth considerably, several major projects were completed such as the Metro Link light rail line, the Convention Centre expansion, Kiel Civic Centre (Blues – Hockey Team), and Trans World Dome (Rams – Football Team). The great Mississippi River flood of 1993 detracted from urban revitalization efforts somewhat, but most of the low-lying industrial areas of the City were protected by a floodwall. The most severe flooding in the City occurred along with the River des Peres, a drainage way serving the western and southern parts of the City and flowing into the Mississippi River. Today, despite a continued population decline, downtown and neighborhood revitalization efforts continued in the City of St. Louis. Medicine at Barnes-Jewish and St. Louis University Hospitals, brewing at Anheuser-Busch, and banking at Bank of America and Firstar Bank were leading industries in the City; five Fortune 500 corporations were headquartered in the City limits, and many of the older industrial buildings in the City were serving as incubators for small business. Despite the challenges, the City of St. Louis was prepared to grow into its fourth century.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
English is most common, but there are significant populations of Bosnian-speakers in St. Louis, as well as a historical Francophone community in the eastern part of the state. State-wide, as is the case across the country, the second most common language spoken in Missouri homes (after English) is Spanish.
Important Types of Commerce in St. Louis.
The main industries in the St. Louis area include aviation, biotechnology, chemicals, electrical utilities, food and beverage manufacturing, refining, research, telecommunications, and transportation.
Language Services US and others will provide working with St. Louis.
Although the de facto language of St. Louis is English. St. Louis is a culturally diverse city with many different languages. Businesses in St. Louis need translation services in several fields including legal, government, mining, life sciences, financial, marketing, IT & technology, manufacturing, defense, and corporate communications when they localize official documents, marketing collaterals, technical documentation, Websites & mobile apps, Software & web-based tools, and Video & audio.
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