Ségou is a town and an urban commune in south-central Mali that lies 235 kilometres northeast of Bamako on the right bank of the River Niger. The town is the capital of the Ségou Cercle and the Ségou Region. With 130,690 inhabitants in 2009, it is the fifth-largest town in Mali. Ségou has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). The city is irrigated by two important waterways: the Niger and the Bani River. Ségou has two seasons: a rainy season and a dry season.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Segou Koro was created by the founder of the Bambara dynasty. During the 17th century, Bambara coming from Djenné, led by Kaladjan Koulibaly settled along the Niger River. Danfassari, Koulibaly’s son continued his father’s work by building his city there. The Bambaras used to transmit their knowledge by oral tradition, hence much of their art and culture is unknown. Ségou’s cultural heritage includes traditional musical instruments, wonderful griots, folkloric groups and the traditional masks and marionettes. Ségou Region is an administrative region in Mali, situated in the centre of the country. They have the same costumes, beliefs and religious practices as the Bambaras. The Marka, Saracollé and Soninke are merchants and warriors.
Brief City History
The city prospered after Biton Mamary Coulibaly became king in 1712 and founded the Ségou (or Bamana) Empire. Mungo Park became the first European known to have visited this city in 1796. The empire gradually declined and was conquered by El Hadj Umar Tall’s Toucouleur Empire in 1861 (see the battle of Segou), then by the French Army Colonel Louis Archinard in 1892.Segou has contested origins. Some claim that the word Segou come from “Sikoro,” meaning to the foot of a shea butter tree. Others argue that it was named after Cheikou, a marabout who founded the city, while other theories support the claim that Segou was founded by the Bozo fishermen coming from the north, who established their villages along the Niger River.
The eleventh century CE saw an influx of the Soninke who were trying to escape from the expansion of the Ghana Empire, with Mandinga populations following. It is believed that it Kaladjan Koulibaly, founder of the Bambara Kingdom’s Koulibaly dynasty established the first sedentary villages here at his time. The later Diarra dynasty moved the capital of the Bambara Kingdom to Segou. Segou Koro is located at about fifteen kilometres from Segou, on the road to Bamako. Segou Koro was created by the founder of the Bambara dynasty. During the 1600s, Bambara coming from Djenné, led by Kaladjan Koulibaly settled down along the Niger River. Danfassari, Koulibaly’s son continued his father’s work by building his city there. After Koulibaly’s death, his eldest grandson Mamari also known as Biton ruled the city and made it flourish. Nowadays the town pretty much conserves the tradition and architecture of the ancient city.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Ségou Region is an administrative region in Mali, situated in the centre of the country. Their language is Bambara or Djoula. The Bozos are the second most populous ethnic group. They live in the borders of Niger.
Important Types of Commerce in Ségou
Agriculture is the dominant economic sector in the country, with cotton production, cattle and camel herding, and fishing among the major activities.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Ségou
Majority of the population speaks Bambara or Djoula as their first language. Ségou has a huge potential and value globally, that is why Bambara or Djoula translation, Bambara or Djoula interpreting services is required for all multi-national workforce. With the great amount of tourism and international business pursuits and opportunities in Ségou, accurate translation of your documents ensures that you are reaching those individuals directly and professionally in a language they can relate to. A professional document translation, perfectly done, will not only attract residents of the area you want to insinuate yourself into, but also impacts visitors or people wanting to relocate.
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