Santa Cruz de la Sierra is Bolivia’s commercial centre and the capital city of the Santa Cruz department. It stands on the Pirai River in the tropical lowlands east of the Andes Mountains. Founded by the Spanish in the 1500s, today it’s a cosmopolitan hub with museums, restaurants and nightclubs. Its historic core is anchored by the rose-brick Metropolitan Cathedral on Plaza 24 de Septiembre, the central square. A mountainous terrain characterizes most of the county, with some coastal lowlands and sandy beaches. Most of the coastline is flanked by cliffs, providing the coastal city of Santa Cruz with dramatic scenery. Santa Cruz County has a total area of 607 mi². 445 of it is land and 162 mi² of it is water.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
In 1769 the Spanish explorer Don Gaspar de Portola discovered the land area which is now known as the City of Santa Cruz. When he came upon the beautiful flowing river, he named it San Lorenzo in honour of Saint Lawrence. He called the rolling hills above the river Santa Cruz, which means holy cross. Against all predictions, Santa Cruz de la Sierra has not only become the economic capital of the country, but also its cultural capital. In addition to the Early Music Festival, the city hosts an international theatre festival, a Latin American film festival and several other Bolivian cultural festivals. The wide variety of Santa Cruz religion and religious institutions speaks to the diversity of the city, with many of its residents being active members of such popular religions as Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Baha’i, Taoism, Shinto, and Islam.
Brief City History
In 1769 the Spanish explorer Don Gaspar de Portola discovered the land area which is now known as the City of Santa Cruz. When he came upon the beautiful flowing river, he named it San Lorenzo in honour of Saint Lawrence. He called the rolling hills above the river Santa Cruz, which means holy cross. Twenty-two years later, in 1791, Father Fermin de Lasuen established a mission at Santa Cruz, the twelfth mission to be founded in California. Across the San Lorenzo River, in what is now known as East Santa Cruz, Villa de Branciforte was established It was founded by the Spanish as one of three civil settlements or pueblos in California. The other pueblos were San Jose and Los Angeles. Villa de Branciforte later merged with the Mission Santa Cruz community across the river. By the 1820’s Mexico had assumed control of the area and within the next twenty years, Americans began to arrive in great numbers. California became a state in 1850 and Santa Cruz County was created as one of the twenty-seven original counties. By the turn of the century logging, lime processing, agriculture, and commercial fishing industries prospered in the area. Due to its mild climate and scenic beauty, Santa Cruz also became a prominent resort community.santa_Cruz_history2Santa Cruz was incorporated in 1866 as a town under the laws of the State of California and received its first charter as a city in 1876. At that time the city was governed by a Mayor and Common Council consisting of four members.
In 1907, the citizens voted for a new charter designating a Mayor as chief executive and a City Council consisting of seven members. Subsequent charters gave a Mayor and four Commissioners both executive and administrative powers. At that time the city was divided into five departments: Public Affairs, Revenue and Finance, Public Health and Safety, Public Works, and Streets and Parks.santa_Cruz_history3In 1948, the City of Santa Cruz adopted a new City Charter. This charter established a Council-Manager form of government, with a Mayor and six Councilmembers setting policy for the city and a city manager serving as the chief administrator of those policies. The Charter, with amendments, is still in existence today.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The Santa Cruz language (locally known as Natügu) is the main language spoken on the island of Nendö or ‘Santa Cruz’, in the Solomon Islands.
Important Types of Commerce in Santa Cruz
The principal industries of Santa Cruz are agriculture, tourism, education (UC Santa Cruz) and high technology. Santa Cruz is a centre of the organic agriculture movement, and many speciality products as well as housing the headquarters of California Certified Organic Farmers.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Santa Cruz
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card and important business literature with Natügu translation will impress a Santa Cruz business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Santa Cruz directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into Natügu to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Santa Cruz ministry of foreign affairs.
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