Medan is the capital of Indonesia’s North Sumatra province. The huge Maimun Palace and octagonal Great Mosque of Medan dominate the city center, combining Islamic and European styles. Just north are Jalan Selat Panjang street, famed for its ethnic food stalls, and Tjong a Fie Mansion, a museum in a former Chinese merchant’s home. Southwest is the striking Indo-Moghul Catholic church of Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni. Medan is in the northeastern part of Sumatra island, in Sumatera Utara province. Medan lies on the banks of the Deli River and Babura River which feed into a naturally sheltered harbor and then into the Straits of Malacca, it has helped the city grow in significance as a trading port.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The Dutch colonial government pronounced Medan a city in 1886. It was briefly the capital of East Sumatra after the Japanese occupation (1942–45) during World War II. The chief historical building in the city is the sultan of Deli’s palace, built for him by the Dutch in the 19th century. Medan is the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra. It is the largest city in recognized the sovereignty of the republic and was in return given an important function as administrator of Deli-Malay traditions and culture. Medan also has various religions and beliefs. The diversity of the religious population in Medan city is depicted from the percentage that is; Islam 68.83%, Protestant 20.27%, Buddhist 8.79%, Catholics 2.79%, Hinduism 0.44%, and others 0.85%.
Brief City History
Medan has had several major incarnations. The plains were once used as a battlefield between the kingdoms of Aceh and Deli (the word medan translates as ‘field’ or ‘battlefield’) from the end of the 16th century to the early 17th century. But more importantly, Medan was a planter’s trading post, a civilized district of tidy lanes and open-air cafés for society-deprived plantation owners. An enterprising Dutch planter named Nienhuys introduced tobacco to the area in 1865, which ushered in prosperity, imported Chinese Labour’s and investment in infrastructure. In 1886 the Dutch made it the capital of North Sumatra and by the end of Dutch rule the population had grown to about 80, 000. Once the Dutch were kicked out, Medan tossed off its starched uniform and grew as it pleased. A wealthy merchant class, mainly of ethnic Chinese, dominates the cosmopolitan side of town, while a handful of ethnic tribes from all over Sumatra make do in the run-down remainder. Animosity towards the Chinese erupted into violent rioting on Medan’s streets on several occasions during the 1990s.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The population of Medan consists of diverse ethnic groups: Malay, Java, Batak, Chinese, Aceh, Minangkabau, Tamil, etc. Each ethnic group has its own cultural patterns and different social structures. Bahasa Indonesia is the national language but English, Mandarin and Hokkian are widely spoken.
Important Types of Commerce in Medan
In the Dallas area, the top industries are technology, financial services and defense. In the Fort Worth area, the major industries are oil and gas, manufacturing, and aviation and aerospace. Unemployment in the area is slightly below the national average.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Medan
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card and important business literature with English, Mandarin and Hokkian translation will impress a Medan business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Medan directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into Medan to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Bucharest ministry of foreign affairs.
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