Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep, is the capital of Gaziantep Province, in the western part of Turkey’s South-eastern Anatolia Region, some 185 kilometres east of Adana and 97 kilometres north of Aleppo, Syria. It is situated near the Sacirsuyu River, a tributary of the Euphrates River, in limestone hills north of Aleppo, Syria. The city was strategically situated near ancient trade routes, and recent excavations have unearthed fragments of pottery indicating settlement there in the early 4th millennium BCE.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Gaziantep is one of the modern provinces of South-Eastern Anatolian Region and also one of the oldest of Hittite origin. Being the centre of pistachio nut cultivation in Turkey and with its extensive olive groves and vineyards, Gaziantep is one of the important and industrial centres of Turkey.
Brief City History
Gaziantep, city, south-central Turkey. It is situated near the Sacirsuyu River, a tributary of the Euphrates River, in limestone hills north of Aleppo, Syria. The city was strategically situated near ancient trade routes, and recent excavations have unearthed fragments of pottery indicating settlement there in the early 4th millennium BCE. Known as Hamtap in the Middle Ages, the city was an important stronghold guarding the Syrian routes and was captured by Turks in 1183. Thereafter it changed hands among various Turkmen and Arab dynasties and Mongol and Timurid invaders until its final absorption into the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century. Called Ayıntab (Arabic ʿAynṭāb: “Good Spring”) under the Ottomans, it was occupied by the British in 1919 and by the French until 1921. By then it had become a centre of Turkish nationalist resistance to European occupation. Upon its return to Turkey in 1922, Mustafa Kemal (later called Atatürk), founder of the republic, renamed it in honour of its heroic stand (Turkish gazi, “champion of Islam”). Well built, with stone houses, paved streets, and covered bazaars, Gaziantep is bordered by gardens, vineyards, and olive and nut groves. Historical buildings include the ruined fortress built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I (6th century CE) and mosques dating from the 11th and 16th centuries. A medieval theological college houses an archaeological museum that has an outstanding collection of Hittite seals unearthed in the region. The surrounding area is delimited on the south by Syria and on the east by the Euphrates River. It is noted for its production of wines, halvah and baklava (sweets), and pekmez (grape preserve); other products include pistachio nuts, aniseed, tobacco, and goatskin rugs. A region settled since antiquity, it includes the ancient sites of Duluk (ancient Doliche; site of the shrine of Jupiter Dolichenus); Kilis (the Assyrian Kilisi); and the neo-Hittite city of Samal (Zincirli Höyük).
Language (s) Written & Spoken
English and German are both widely spoken in İstanbul and tourist-focused towns along the Mediterranean coast and in Cappadocia; much less so in eastern and central Anatolia where knowing a few Turkish phrases, covering relevant topics such as accommodation and transport, is invaluable. Turkish pronunciation is easy but as it’s an agglutinative language where grammatical structure uses strings of suffixes after a trunk word, it can be very difficult to learn. Learning Turkish is more useful than Kurdish, as most Kurds speak Turkish (but not vice versa).
Important Types of Commerce in Gaziantep
Manufacturing Industry and its Sectoral Structure: The manufacturing industry in Gaziantep is comprised of eight groups, namely food, textile, chemicals-plastics, machinery-metals, automotive subcontractors, building subcontractors, leather and processed leather products and forest-wood-paper products industries.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Gaziantep
Turkish language service is important to consider when doing business in Gaziantep as it is the major language used in the country. Individuals or companies in various sector such as Legal, Machinery and technologies, Business, Finance, Medicine, Advertising, communications, PR, Transport, Computer hardware and software, Science, Agriculture, Automotive, European Union Documents, Legal, Government, Industrial, Life Science, Retail, and Technology would require to indulge in professional translation to adapt documents expertly to and from Gaziantep.
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