Amritsar is a city in the north-western Indian state of Punjab, 28 kilometers from the border with Pakistan. At the centre of its walled old town, the gilded Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) is the holiest gurdwara (religious complex) of the Sikh religion. It’s at the end of a causeway, surrounded by the sacred Amrit Sarovar tank (lake), where pilgrims bathe. It lies about 15 miles (25 km) east of the border with Pakistan. Amritsar is the largest and most important city in Punjab and is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikhs’ principal place of worship—the Harmandir Sahib, or Golden Temple.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Amritsar, colloquially known as Ambarsar and historically known as Ramdaspur is located in the Punjab state of India. It derives its name from Amrit Sarovar which was built by Guru Ram Das in the village of Tung. Guru Ram Das believed that the waters of the lake had healing powers. Amritsar Culture. Amritsar is a predominantly Sikh metropolitan. Boasting of its chivalric history full of a number of battles, the civilians of Amritsar are fundamentally brave. Their ancestors have revealed tremendous valor and gallantry in their fights against Mughals, Pathans and eventually British. Among these religions, three are widely followed in the region namely Sikhism, Hinduism and Islam. A major portion of the population of Amritsar follows Sikhism. The city is a pilgrimage centre for Sikhs, who frequent the place to visit the Sri Harmander Sahib or the Golden Temple. It is the holiest shrines of Sikhs.
Brief City History
Amritsar, city, northern Punjab state, north-western India. It lies about 15 miles (25 km) east of the border with Pakistan. Amritsar is the largest and most important city in Punjab and is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikhs’ principal place of worship—the Harmandir Sahib, or Golden Temple. Amritsar was founded in 1577 by Ram Das, fourth Guru of the Sikhs, on a site granted by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Ram Das ordered the excavation of the sacred tank, or pool called the Amrita Saras (“Pool of Nectar”), from which the city’s name is derived. A temple was erected on an island in the tank’s centre by Arjan, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, which was then reached by a marble causeway. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1801–39), the upper part of the temple was decorated with a gold-foil-covered copper dome, and since then the building has been popularly known as the Golden Temple. Amritsar became the centre of the Sikh faith, and, as the focus of growing Sikh power, the city experienced a corresponding increase in trade. It was annexed to British India in 1849. Amritsar not only is home to hundreds of thousands of Sikhs but also is the chief pilgrimage destination for Sikhs living elsewhere in India and abroad. The principal focus for those pilgrims is the Golden Temple and its complex of several adjacent buildings located around the tank. Situated on the west side, facing the causeway to the temple, is the Akal Takht, the chief centre of the authority of Sikhism and the headquarters of the Shiromani Akali Dal (Supreme Akali Party), the main political party of the Sikhs in Punjab. On the north side is the Teja Singh Samundri Hall (Clock Tower), housing the main office of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (Supreme Committee of Temple Management), which oversees the main Sikh gurdwaras (places of worship). To the east of the temple are guest houses for pilgrims, a dining hall that provides thousands of meals daily for pilgrims and other visitors, and, on the southeast corner, the Assembly Hall. A short distance away from the Golden Temple complex is a spacious park, Jallianwala Bagh, where on April 13, 1919, British colonial government troops fired on a crowd of unarmed Indian protesters, killing 379 of them and wounding many more. The site of the Massacre of Amritsar—as that incident came to be called—is a national monument. Another violent political clash took place in Amritsar in 1984, when troops of the Indian army attacked hundreds of Sikh separatists who had taken up positions in, and heavily fortified, the Golden Temple complex. Conflicting reports indicated that between 450 and 1,200 people were killed before the Sikh extremists were evicted from the temple complex. The Akal Takht was heavily damaged in the fighting but was subsequently repaired.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Punjabi is also spelled as Panjabi and it is a central Indo-Aryan language. As people of many religions and languages inhabit the city of Amritsar, they also speak languages like Hindi, English and Urdu. Hindi is the official language of the country and is spoken by many people in Amritsar for obvious reasons.
Important Types of Commerce in Amritsar
The Industries in Amritsar are mostly engaged in the production of various goods namely panel pins, paper-cutting, engineering goods, textile machinery, wood and machine screws, printing and machinery, electric fans, chemicals and the textiles including woolen, silken, cotton, etc.
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