Syria

Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. Syria is situated on the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It has a total area of 185,180 square kilometers (71,500 square miles), divided into fourteen administrative units. Although much of Syria is desert, 28% of its land is arable, thanks in large part to irrigation water from the Euphrates River.

Key Cities

Key cities in Syria include Aleppo, Damascus, Homs, Latakia, Hama, Ar-Raqqah, Deirez-Zor, Al-Hasakah, Qamishli, Tartus.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The present Syrian Arab Republic spans territory which was first unified in the 10th century BCE under the Neo-Assyrian Empire, the capital of which was the city of Ashur, from which the name “Syria” most likely derives. This territory was then conquered by various rulers and settled in by different peoples. Syria is a traditional society with a long cultural history. The importance is placed on family, religion, education and self-discipline and respect. The Syrian’s taste for the traditional arts is expressed in dances such as the al-Samah, the Dabkeh in all their variations and the sword dance.

Brief Country History

The country of Syria is often called the Cradle of Civilization as it is home to the Euphrates River where civilization essentially began. It is also called the Gateway to History as the country has been a battleground for a lot of wars and conquerors and has seen many firsts in the history of mankind. Damascus, which was settled about 2500 B.C., is one of the oldest cities inhabited by people in the whole world. It became the capital of the Omayyad Empire from 661 A.D. to 750 A.D. which stretches from Spain to India. Early settlements in the region and in other parts of the country were proven by the early practice of agriculture and trade among people in Syria as well as between them and different tribes and empires outside the country. Damascus, which was settled about 2500 B.C., is one of the oldest cities inhabited by people in the whole world. It became the capital of the Omayyad Empire from 661 A.D. to 750 A.D. which stretches from Spain to India. Early settlements in the region and in other parts of the country were proven by the early practice of agriculture and trade among people in Syria as well as between them and different tribes and empires outside the country. In 3000 B.C., the Ebla and Mari kingdoms inhabited the country. In their time was the invention of writing which was called Cuneiform writing. The Hittites and the Egyptians fought against each other for Syria in 1600 B.C. and the Hittites won and took over the land. In 800 B.C. the Assyrian Empire rose and took over Syria and Lebanon. After 300 years the Persians took over the land, including the whole Middle East, and they eventually fell into the hands of the Greeks in 333 B.C. After hundreds of years, the Roman Empire took over and the spread of Christianity began. It was just in the early 17th century that other religions and ethnic groups came into the land of Syria which opened its doors to new people which now forms the diverse culture of Syria.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

Arabic is the official language of Syria and is the most widely spoken language in the country. Several modern Arabic dialects are used in everyday life, most notably Levantine in the west and Mesopotamian in the northeast.

Important Types of Commerce in Syria

The main industrial products are petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, and car assembly. Syria’s manufacturing sector was largely stated dominated until the 1990s when economic reforms allowed greater local and foreign private-sector participation.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Syria

The majority of the population speaks Arabic as their first language. Syria has a huge potential and value globally, that is why Arabic translation, Arabic interpreting services is required for all multi-national workforce. With the great amount of tourism and international business pursuits and opportunities in Syria, accurate translation of your documents ensures that you are reaching those individuals directly and professionally in a language they can relate to. A professional document translation, perfectly done, will not only attract residents of the area you want to insinuate yourself into but also impacts visitors or people wanting to relocate.

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