San Marino is a mountainous microstate surrounded by north-central Italy. Among the world’s oldest republics, it retains much of its historic architecture. On the slopes of Monte Titano sits the capital, also called San Marino, known for its medieval walled old town and narrow cobblestone streets. The Three Towers, castle-like citadels dating to the 11th century, sit atop Titano’s neighboring peaks. Geographically, San Marino is 23.6 square miles (61 square kilometers), making it the fifth-smallest country in the world, coming in behind the island nations of Tuvalu, Nauru and other city-states Monaco and the Vatican (Holy See). It has an estimated population of just 33,559.
Key cities in San Marino include: Serravalle, Borgo maggiore, City of San Marino, Domagnano, Fiorentio, Aquaviva, Faetano, Falciano, Chiesanuova, Montegiardino,.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The Republic of San Marino traces its origin to the early 4th-century CE when, according to tradition, St. Marinus and a group of Christians settled there to escape persecution. By the 12th century, San Marino had developed into a commune ruled by its own statutes and consuls. Sammarinese and Italian are the two largest ethnic communities residing in the country. Italian is the official and most widely spoken language in San Marino. Nearly the entire population is affiliated to the Roman Catholic Church. San Marino is a predominantly Catholic state: over 97% of the population profess the Catholic faith, but Catholicism is not an established religion. Approximately half of those who profess to be Catholic practice the faith.
Brief Country History
San Marino is founded by Marinus of Rab, who is a stonecutter, on the 3rd of September during the year 301. It reigns as the oldest sovereign state and constitutional republic ever recorded in the world. The history of San Marino begun when Saint Marinus left the island of Rab in a place called Croatia together with his friend named Leo. They made their way to the city of Rimini and established their identity as masons. Due to the Dioletianic Persecution because of his Christian sermons, he then made his escape to the nearby town of Monte Titano. There he built a little church which led to the foundation of the city-state we know as San Marino. In 1631, the Papacy recognized the independence of this state. Because of the place’s inaccessible location and poverty, a community was created. It was followed by a few interruptions by while maintaining its independence. During 1797 the Napoleon’s Army threatened the independence of the state of San Marino but because of the bravery of one of its regents Antonio Anofri, he not only gained the respect of Napoleon but he drove the tyrant to make friends with him. During the later stage of the Italian unification process in the 19th century, San Marino became a sanctuary for people that are persecuted due to their opposition for the unification. Because of these happenings Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian military and a political figure granted the request of San Marino not to be listed or to be as part of the Italian States.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
There are two official languages spoken in San Marino: standard Italian and a Sammarinese dialect. About 83% of the country’s population speak Sammarinese. The language is considered to be a variation of the Emiliano-Romagnolo dialect found in regions surrounding Italy.
Important Types of Commerce in San Marino
This hidden enclave in the heart of Southern Europe which is estimated to have the size of one-third of Washington DC, surprisingly, is ranked 18th in the world when it comes to per capita income. Per capita income of this Mediterranean country stands at $41,900 as of 2007. San Marino’s economy basically derives its economic muscle from its banking, tourism and manufacturing sectors.
The banking sector contributes about one-fifth to San Marino’s tax revenues. The boom in San Marino’s banking sector started when foreign investors got wind of San Marino’s low corporate tax incentives and interest earnings. However, at the moment, San Marino is being criticized heavily by the international community regarding not being transparent and that it could be a haven of money laundering activities.
The tourism industry of San Marino is a bustling one. Although landlocked and no pristine beaches to boast of, San Marino is not called the Serene Republic for no reason. Tourists flock in droves to this land that is situated entirely on a mountain range to experience the unusual calmness one gets from being in a high place like the Three Towers of San Marino where the view is just breath-taking. On average, San Marino whose population stands at 30,000 only takes in about 2 million visitors a year.
San Marino’s economy is also bolstered by its famous export products such are building stone, ceramics, leather, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat and wine. In 2007, San Marino has exported a total value of $4.28 billion; a remarkable.
Language Services US and others will provide working with San Marino
Most successful global brands, retailers, tech companies, law firms, and financial services businesses in San Marino will need English to Sammarinese and Italian translation as well as interpreting services. This is a necessity to ensure that your content is produced with the industry sector, brand, and target audience in mind while maintaining the tone and style of the source text. This is essential if you are trying to target special countries with marketing messages specific to their special needs.
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