Mongolia

Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for its vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. Also, in Ulaanbaatar are the National Museum of Mongolia, displaying historic and ethnographic artifacts, and the restored 1830 Gandantegchinlen Monastery. Mongolia is located in Asia between Russia to the north and China to the south. Situated on mountains and plateaus, it is one of the world’s highest countries with an elevation averaging 5,180 feet (1,580 meters). Mongolia is 435 miles (700 kilometers) from the Yellow Sea.

Key Cities

Key cities in Mongolia include: Ulaanbaatar, Erdenet, Darkhan, ChoibaIsan, Moron, Khovd, OLgii, and Nalaikh.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

In 1206 Genghis Khan was able to unite and conquer the Mongols, forcing them into a fighting force that went on to establish the largest contiguous empire in world history, the Mongol Empire (1206-1368). Buddhism in Mongolia began with the Yuan emperors’ conversion to Tibetan Buddhism. Buddhism- Mongolians have followed Buddhism since the 16th century, when the Mongolian king, Altan Khan, was converted by Tibetan lamas. Mongolians follow Tibetan Buddhist teachings, (also called Lamaism), the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region.

Brief Country History

Mongolia has several significant prehistoric sites such as the Northern Cave of Blue (Paleolithic cave drawings) in Khovd Province, White Cave in the province of Bayankhongor, and Dornod Province (Neolithic farming village) which all suggests that Mongolia had been occupied for more than 800,000 years.

During the late 12th century, a tribal chief named Temujin eventually merged the Mongol tribes of Manchuria and the Altai Mountains. In 1206 Temujin carried the title Genghis Khan and established the Mongol Empire. His kingdom, the largest contiguous land empire and second-largest overall in the world after the British Empire, launched numerous wars and military battles across Asia. When Genghis Khan died in 1259, the Mongol Empire was divided into 4 kingdoms or Khanates. His grandson Kublai Khan ruled one of the khanates, the Great Khaanate”, comprising of China and homeland Mongol. He established his capital in modern Beijing but after a century it was overthrown by the Ming Dynasty in 1368.

In 1911, Mongolia proclaimed independence from the Qing Dynasty. The Russians had a short rule though the leadership of “Blood” Baron Ungern and the religious leader Bogd Khan. In 1924, the Mongolian People’s Republic was declared. The country joined the Soviet Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation in Inner Mongolia in 1945 causing China to recognize the independence of Outer Mongolia. In the early 1990s, a Mongolian Constitution was introduced with the “People’s Republic” being dropped from the nation’s name. This is the result of the peaceful 1990 Democratic Revolution in Sukhbaatar Square, Ulan Bator. Unforgettable personalities include Sanjaasürengiin, Bat-Erdeniin Batbayar, and Erdeniin Bat-Üül.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

While Mongolian dominates are a spoken language in Mongolia, this is not the only Mongolic language spoken in the nation. There are two Mongolic languages spoken in Mongolia, Oirat and Buryat. The Oirat language is spoken the most in western Mongolia.

Important Types of Commerce in Mongolia

Construction and construction materials, mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold), oil, food and beverages, processing of animal products, cashmere wool, and natural fiber manufacturing are the main type of commerce in Mongolia.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Mongolia

Industries that do business with Mongolia need professional translation and interpreting services to tap into this market as they use several languages. Without translation and interpreting it is impossible for an international company to sell its product or services in this market. Professional translation and interpretation are required to transcend the language barrier. No translation or interpretation may result in anything from misunderstandings in a business arrangement to the misapplication of medical treatments, diplomatic conflicts, or even wars. Translators and interpreters must always be impartial and faithful to the original text or speech; they should be limited to the translation, or interpretation, of the speaker’s words, no more, no less.

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