Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad.
Iraq is mountainous in the north, as the Zagros Mountains front its borders with Iran and Turkey. The country’s highest point is located there, an unnamed peak rising 11,847 ft (3,611 m). Two of the most significant rivers in all of Asia, the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, drain the land.
Key cities in Iraq include Baghdad, Basra, Hillah, Najaf, Karbala, Mosul, Erbil, Sulaymaniya, Al Nasiriya, and Kirkuk.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The land now known as Iraq has been called the Cradle of Civilization. The ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians all developed great empires in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Ottoman Turks, after a long struggle, won Baghdad and the Tigris and Euphrates Valley from Persia in 1638.
Iraq has long reflected cultural diversity. Although Iraqis generally are religious and conservative people, there are strong secular tendencies in the country. Iraq is a Muslim nation with Arabic and Kurdish as its official languages. Several institutions in Iraq boast the recreational culture of live theatre
Brief Country History
The land now known as Iraq has been called the Cradle of Civilization. The ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians all developed great empires in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. At later times, it was ruled by the Greeks, the Romans, the Persians, and the Ottoman Turks.
Under the Abbasid rulers (750-1258), Baghdad became a center of learning for the entire Muslim world. But the Mongols invaded the region in 1258, leading to its decline. The Ottoman Turks, after a long struggle, won Baghdad and the Tigris and Euphrates Valley from Persia in 1638. The region remained a part of the vast Ottoman Empire until the end of World War I, in 1918.
Between 1958 and 1968 there were several violent changes of government. Kassem himself was murdered in 1963. In 1968 the Baath Party seized power and has held it ever since, under only two leaders—Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein, who came to power in 1979. Iraq’s abundant oil revenues were used to develop the economy and to build new schools, hospitals, and other facilities. But the government dealt harshly with its internal enemies and pursued an aggressive foreign policy.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The most widely spoken language in Iraq is the Arabic language (specifically Mesopotamian Arabic); the second most spoken language is Kurdish (mainly Sorani and Kurmanji dialects), followed by the Iraqi Turkmen/Turkoman dialect of Turkish, and the Neo-Aramaic languages (specifically Chaldean and Ashuri).
Important Types of Commerce in Iraq
The extraction and refining of oil are Iraq’s chief industry. Other industries include the manufacture of chemicals, textiles, construction materials, and processed foods. Agriculture. Modern farming methods and irrigation have greatly increased Iraq’s agricultural production.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Iraq
Iraq is slowly rebuilding its relations with the international community. It is extremely important for those wishing to enter into the Iraqi market to gain a thorough knowledge of the country and its particular language. Not knowing the local language (Arabic and Kurdish) will leave you with the inability of doing business in this country. Professional language services can help you bridge the language gap and successfully penetrate the market with confidence. Many of the world’s best technology, engineering, biomedical and pharmaceutical companies’ partners with professional language services company for their translation, transcription and interpretation need.
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