Georgia

Georgia, a country at the intersection of Europe and Asia, is a former Soviet republic that’s home to Caucasus Mountain villages and the Black Sea beaches. It’s famous for Vardzia, a sprawling cave monastery dating to the 12th century, and the ancient wine-growing region Kakheti. The capital, Tbilisi, is known for the diverse architecture and mazelike, cobblestone streets of its old town.

East and south of the Plateau region is the Valley and Ridge region, which has steep, rocky ridges above fertile valleys. In the northeast corner of the state are the Blue Ridge Mountains, with Georgia’s highest peak soaring to 4,784 feet.

 Key Cities

Key cities in Georgia include Atlanta, Augusta, Columbus, Macon, Savannah.

 Cultural facts & Religion

Georgian culture is an exotic, mysterious and ancient culture stretching back for millennia. Elements of Anatolian, European, Persian, Arabian, Ottoman and Far Eastern cultures have influenced Georgia’s own ethnic identity resulting in one of the most unique and hospitable cultures in the world. Georgian culture is world-renowned for being accommodating and tolerant. Traditionally, Georgian people consider guests to be a gift from god and their welcoming amiability is immediately apparent upon a traveler’s arrival.

The wide variety of peoples inhabiting Georgia has meant a correspondingly rich array of active religions. Today most of the population in Georgia practices Orthodox Christianity, primarily in the Georgian Orthodox Church who’s faithful makeup 82.4% of the population. Around 1% belong to the Russian Orthodox Church, while about 3.9% of the population follow the Armenian Apostolic Church (Oriental Orthodoxy), almost all of which are ethnic Armenians.

 Brief Country History

Georgia is located in the Caucasus region, bound by the Black Sea, Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia. Due to its strategic location (as it is found between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea), it has been a constant economic interest for many foreign countries since the early B.C. For many centuries, the country has experienced continuous wars and revolutions by civilizations of foreign lands both from the east and the west parts of the world.

Georgia has been dominated and invaded by the Greeks, Persians and Romans during the early times. The Arabs invaded the country as well in the 7th century. This proves the diverse culture of the country since it has quite a number of influences.

From the 11th to the 13th century, Georgia experienced its “Golden Age of cultural, political and military ascendancy,” following it is the invasion of the Mongols during the 14th century.

In 1921, Georgia was invaded by the Red Army and then became a part of the Soviet Union. Fifteen years after, they are considered as one of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union. However, they experienced extreme oppression under the leadership of Stalin. They have been repressed of their rights and freedom.

After the break-up of the Soviet Union, Georgia declared its independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations shortly a year after. A few years after, in 1995, the Georgian government made amendments in the constitution and held their presidential elections. From then on, Georgia has been exercising its freedom as a democratic country.

 Language (s) Written & Spoken

It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians, and the Laz.

Important Types of Commerce in Georgia

Georgia’s modern economy has traditionally revolved around Black Sea tourism, cultivation of citrus fruits, tea and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and the output of a large industrial sector producing wine, metals, machinery, chemicals, and textiles.

 Language Services US and others will provide working with Georgia

Georgian language service is important to consider when doing business in Georgia as it is the major language used in the country. Individuals or companies in various sector such as Legal, Machinery and technologies, Business, Finance, Medicine, Advertising, communications, PR, Transport, Computer hardware and software, Science, Agriculture, Automotive, European Union Documents, Legal, Government, Industrial, Life Science, Retail, and Technology would require to indulge in professional translation to adapt documents expertly to and from Georgian.

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