Chad

Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Chad is one of the 48 land-locked countries in the world and is located in North Central Africa, measuring 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 sq mi), nearly twice the size of France and slightly more than three times the size of California.

 Key Cities

Key cities in Chad include N;Djamena, Moundou, Sarh, Abeche, Kelo, Koumra, Am Timan, Bongor, Mongo.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The area which is now known as Chad has a long and complicated history. In the early 20th century Chad became a French colony and later gained its independence in 1960. It was the French colonial period which saw the formation of Chad as a nation-state

The majority of the population in Chad identifies as Muslim, although Islam in Chad draws heavily from pre-Islamic indigenous religion. Likewise, roughly 35 percent of Chadian Christians integrate aspects of animism and other indigenous beliefs in their practice.

 Brief Country History

The Republic of Chad has been plagued by long years of political unrest and civil war; in 1975 the country’s first President Francois Tombalbaye was killed in a coup d’etat. The following events including the takeover of new leader Felix Malloum were similarly fraught with bickerings and discontent among the people, leading to his ouster as President of the country in 1979. After Malloum’s ouster, civil war resurged up in 1982 when Chad was engaged in another war with Libya. But shortly after the Chad-Libyan war ended following a ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the dispute between the two countries, unrest persisted in Chad over the killings of civilians allegedly by government forces. In 1996, Idriss Deby won the first multi-party presidential elections, only to find his first few years in office marked by demonstrations and street protests that accused him of corruption. Chad began to accuse Sudan of giving support to the Chadian rebels.

In 2005, Chad declared war with Sudan as rebel groups continued to engage government forces in an armed confrontation. Sudan responded with an attack on N’Djamena, the country’s capital, which was defeated by Chadian forces. In February 2008, rebels staged another attack on the capital city but this was repulsed by Deby’s troops with the support of French forces. But that did not end unrest in the country. Chad has continued to blame Sudan for its continuing political turmoil. In July 2009, the government and opposition groups forged an agreement through the establishment of an electoral commission for the presidential elections in 2011 in an effort to strengthen the democratic processes in the country.

 Language (s) Written & Spoken

Chad has two official languages, French and Modern Standard Arabic, and over 120 indigenous languages. A vernacular version of Arabic, Chadian Arabic, is the lingua franca

In Chad, the spoken language is Arabic, French and the written language is French Arabic. The capital of Chad is N’Djamena.

 Important Types of Commerce in Chad

Major manufacturing industries include cotton ginning, food processing, sugar, and textiles. According to the 2008 estimates, Chad produces 127,000 barrels of oil per day. The oil sector is relatively undeveloped in Chad.

 Language Services US and others will provide working with Chad

People can move from one place to another due to various reasons. Therefore, interpreting is necessary to ease understanding in communication. Some of the reasons may be an adventure, fleeing wars, employment, business, and many others. Business, law, education, research, engineering, manufacturing, medical and some of the many fields that require professional translation and interpretation services when doing business in Chad. Proper understanding and knowledge of the local terminologies used is highly essential for essential and quality language service. French and Arabic are two major languages spoken in Chad. Industry doing business with Chad will require accurate and consistent French and Arabic language services to grasp the wider market.

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