Adana is a major city in southern Turkey. The city is situated on the Seyhan river, 35 km inland from the Mediterranean, in south-central Anatolia. It is the administrative seat of the Adana Province and has a population of 1.75 million, making it the 5th most populated city in Turkey. Adana lies in the heart of Cilicia, a geo-cultural region locally known as Çukurova. Home to six million people, Cilicia is one of the largest population concentrations in Turkey, as well as the most agriculturally productive area, owing to its large stretch of flat, fertile land.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Adana gets its name from Adanus, son of weather God Cronus. It was founded in 63 B.C. by the Roman statesman, Pompey the Great. During those times, the city served as a resting place for caravans. Its importance stemmed from its strategic location, lying on a Roman army route to the East. The summer months in Adana are swelteringly hot and its inhabitants have found that the best way to cope it is to retire to the mountain plateaus that surround the city. Hundreds of years of summer tradition have made the plateaus a distinct part of the culture of Adana. In 2016 Islam was the major religion in Turkey comprising 98.3% of the total population, and Christianity with 0.2%. In a poll conducted by Sabancı University, 98.3% of Turks revealed they were Muslim.
Brief City History
Adana, city, south-central Turkey. It is situated in the plain of Cilicia, on the Seyhan River (the ancient Sarus River). An agricultural and industrial centre and the country’s fourth-largest city, it probably overlies a Hittite settlement that dates from approximately 1400 BCE, and its history has been profoundly influenced by its location at the foot of the Taurus Mountain passes leading to the Syrian plains. Conquered by Alexander the Great in 335–334 BCE, it came under the rule of the ʿAbbāsid Arabs at the end of the 7th century CE and changed hands intermittently in the next 600 years until the establishment of the Turkmen Ramazan dynasty in 1378. The Ramazan rulers retained control of local administration even after Adana was conquered by the Ottoman sultan Selim I in 1516. In 1608 Adana was reconstituted as a province under direct Ottoman administration. Adana became a provincial capital in 1867. One of the earlier extant monuments in the area is a stone bridge 220 yards (200 metres) long spanning the Seyhan River, dating from the time of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I and restored by several Arab rulers of the area in the 8th and 9th centuries. On the right bank of the river is a ruined fortress built by the future ʿAbbāsid caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd in 782. The principal mosque, the Ulu Cami, dates from 1542. Adana’s prosperity has long come from the fertile valleys behind it and from its position as a bridgehead on the Anatolian-Arabian trade routes. It is a centre of the Turkish cotton industry and manufactures textiles, cement, agricultural machinery, and vegetable oils. Adana lies on the rail line between Istanbul and Baghdad and is connected by a branch line to the Mediterranean port of Mersin, 32 miles (51 km) southwest, through which its products are shipped. Çukurova University was established at Adana in 1973. Adana is the centre of an agricultural region producing cotton, rice, sesame, oats, and citrus fruits. Pop. (2005) 1,245,000; (2013 est.) 1,628,725.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
English and German are both widely spoken in İstanbul and tourist-focused towns along the Mediterranean coast and Cappadocia; much less so in eastern and central Anatolia where knowing a few Turkish phrases, covering relevant topics such as accommodation and transport, is invaluable. Turkish pronunciation is easy but as it’s an agglutinative language where grammatical structure uses strings of suffixes after a trunk word, it can be very difficult to learn. Learning Turkish is more useful than Kurdish, as most Kurds speak Turkish (but not vice versa).
Important Types of Commerce in Adana
Adana is an industrialized city where the large-scale industry is based mostly on agriculture. Textile and leather are the major industry constituting 29% of Adana’s manufacturing, plant oil and processed food manufacturing plants are also numerous.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Adana
Turkish & Kurdish is the official language of Adana. For any industry to penetrate into Adana, it’s exceptionally important to use a professional translator when you want to translate Turkish & Kurdish. Many business sectors, including Automobile, Legal, Medical, Agriculture, Tech, Science, Government and so on utilize professional Turkish & Kurdish translation services to flawlessly translate their important documents. A professional modern Turkish & Kurdish with an expert understanding of the use of vocabulary and grammar is best equipped to handle the specific nuances of this unique language.
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