Wenzhou is a port and industrial city in China’s Zhejiang province, straddling the Oujiang River on the East China Sea. The river’s Jiangxin Island features pagodas, gardens and the 1789 Jiangxin Temple. Nearby Jiushan Park offers walking trails and city views. The Wenzhou Museum’s exhibits focus on regional crafts and history. North of the river, Mount Yandang has designated scenic areas. Wenzhou has a total land area of 12,065 square kilometres and a total maritime space of 11,000 square kilometres. The urban area of Wenzhou takes up 1,310 square kilometres, including Lucheng District, Longwan District, Ouhai District and Dontou District.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Wenzhou has a history which goes back to about 2500 BC, when it became known for its pottery production as one of the cities of origin of celadon in ancient China. Wenzhou was the capital of the ancient Dong’ou Kingdom which existed from 191 BC until it was conquered by Minyue Kingdom in 138 BC. During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), Wenzhou was opened up to foreign countries as a trade port. Today Wenzhou is known for business. But it is not simply a commercial city. It also has a rich culture and is the hometown of Nanxi Opera – the earliest form of Chinese opera.
Brief City History
Wenzhou, Wade-Giles romanization Wen-chou, also called Yongjia, city and port, south-eastern Zhejiang sheng (province), south-eastern China. It is situated on the south bank of the Ou River, some 19 miles (30 km) from its mouth. The estuary of the Ou River is much obstructed by small islands and mudbanks, but the port is accessible by ships of up to about 1,000 tons. The Ou long provided the main transport artery for the mountainous south-eastern section of Zhejiang. The settlement was first given the name Wenzhou in 675 CE. In 999 the Song dynasty sanctioned Wenzhou to be a foreign-trade port. At that time it had a flourishing shipbuilding industry, and its papermaking and lacquerware craft were well known. In 1132 an inspection post was set up in Wenzhou to administer and stabilize foreign trade. Wenzhou’s port was again opened to foreign trade as a treaty port in 1876, and for a while, there was a considerable tea trade; however, the port never played a large part in China’s foreign trade, and there was no foreign settlement. Wenzhou’s trade flourished again during the early part of the Sino-Japanese War, as from 1937 to 1942 it was one of the few ports left in Chinese hands; trade subsequently declined toward the end of the war, however. Not until 1955 was sea transport along the Zhejiang coast fully restored, after which Wenzhou rapidly recovered. Wenzhou, with its tradition as a commercial city, its dense population, and the scarcity of cultivated land in the region, long has been home to those highly skilled at doing business. Its citizens started their own household businesses and workshops in the early 1970s, and their efforts redoubled later in the decade as China officially began to liberalize economic policy and to move toward more of a market system. This became known as the “Wenzhou model”; there are now tens of thousands of Wenzhou merchants doing business around the country and abroad.
In 1984 Wenzhou was designated one of China’s “open” cities in the new policy of inviting foreign investment, and there was considerable economic growth. Local products now include ceramics, machinery, chemicals, electronics, processed foods, and wearing apparel; shipbuilding is also important. The region’s transportation infrastructure has been greatly improved. A branch rail line, completed in the late 1990s, links the city with the Zhejiang-Jiangxi trunk line at Jinhua. Expressways northeast to Ningbo and northwest to Jinhua opened for traffic in the early 21st century. Newer and larger port facilities also have been constructed, including docks near the mouth of the Ou River with berths capable of accommodating 10,000-ton ships. The city’s airport, on the seacoast, provides scheduled flights to many cities in the country. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 573,469; (2007 est.) urban agglom, 2,350,000.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Wenzhou is one of five varieties of Chinese other than Standard Mandarin used for broadcasting by China Radio International, alongside Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew, and Hakka.
Important Types of Commerce in Wenzhou
Manufacture in Wenzhou. Shoes & Accessories. As a local traditional industry, shoes-making in Wenzhou has a history of over 800 years. Locks. Wenzhou is a major manufacturing cluster for different locks in China. Valves & Pumps. Eyewear. Cigarette Lighters. Electric Equipment. Clothing & Accessories. Synthetic Leather.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Wenzhou
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