Valencia is the capital city of Carabobo State and the third-largest city in Venezuela. The city is an economic hub that contains Venezuela’s top industries and manufacturing companies. Valencia, the city, capital of Carabobo Estado (state), northwestern Venezuela, located on the Río Cabriales in the central highlands at 1,600 feet (490 metres) above sea level, near the western shore of Lake Valencia.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Valencia was founded by Captain Alonso Díaz Moreno on March 25, 1555 – as the locals are proud of reminding visitors, eight years before Caracas. It was the first Spanish settlement in central Venezuela and its official name was Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Nueva Valencia del Rey. Know all about the culture of Venezuela which includes music, dance, literature, art, festivals and carnivals. Buddhism in Venezuela is practised by over 52,000 people. The Buddhist community is made up mainly of Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans. There are Buddhist centres in Caracas, Maracay, Mérida, Puerto Ordáz, San Felipe, and Valencia. The Jewish community numbers approximately 13,000 and is mainly concentrated in Caracas.
Brief City History
Valencia was founded by the Romans in 138 B.C. Land was given to soldiers who had fought for the Roman Emperor. Not long after its founding Valencia supported the wrong person in a power struggle in Rome. As a result, the army and the city of Valencia were destroyed. During the 1st century Valencia once again became a city. It did not become a major city until the 3rd century upon the destruction of Sagunto which had been the capital of the region. In the 6th century Valencia became part of the kingdom of the Visigoths. In 718 the Moors (Arabs) took over Valencia. They established an Islamic culture. They ruled Valencia for 5 centuries. In the 11th century the ruler built walls to surround the city. The population increased to 15,000. At the end of the 11th century, the great Spanish soldier, El Cid, defeated the Moors and took over the city. He ruled Valencia until his death. After the death of El Cid, the Moors once again took control of the city. On October 9, 1238, King Jaime I defeated the Moors. He redesigned the city. He redistributed housing for new inhabitants from Barcelona. The remaining Moors were sent to live in the outskirts of the city. He built a marketplace outside of the walls. He had churches built. However, he did not do anything to harm either the Moors or the Jewish population. During the next century many public buildings such as the El Almudin (the public grain storage) were built. In 1356 construction was begun on a new city wall. In 1498 the university was established and the rulers of Valencia continued to build public buildings such as the Lonja silk exchange and the Miguelete tower.
In the 15th and 16th century Valencia continued building. In 1596 the Puente del Mar bridge was built. In 1599 the Real bridge was built. In 1685 work was begun on a port for Valencia. Also during this time Valencia became known as the city of monasteries and convents as 41 of these were built.
In the early part of the 19th century, the city was occupied by troops of Napoleon. They destroyed the Royal Palace and other buildings. Fortunately, they were soon thrown out of Valencia. In 1864 the walls of the city were torn down to expand the city. In 1898 an attempt was made to move the city closer to the sea.
This building continued in the 20th century. Roads were built and the city expanded. In 1957 to prevent the return of terrible flooding, the direction of the river was changed. The area was turned into a large garden.
As they enter the 21st century Valencia continues to be a major world city. It is the home to many industries and universities. It remains an important agricultural centre. It has one of the busiest ports in Europe. It has become an important financial centre.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
According to the Constitution of Venezuela, Castilian (Spanish) is the official language of Venezuela.
Important Types of Commerce in Valencia
Venezuela is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America. Oil was discovered in the early 20th century and, today, Venezuela has the world’s largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world’s leading exporters of oil. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Valencia
Spanish is the official language of Valencia. For any industry to penetrate into Valencia, it’s exceptionally important to use a professional translator when you want to translate Spanish. Many business sectors, including Automobile, Legal, Medical, Agriculture, Tech, Science, Government and so on utilize professional Spanish translation services to flawlessly translate their important documents. A professional Spanish translator with an expert understanding of the use of vocabulary and grammar is best equipped to handle the specific nuances of this unique language.
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