Taiyuan is the capital and largest city of Shanxi province in Northern China. It is one of the main manufacturing bases in China. Throughout its long history, Taiyuan was the capital or provisional capital of many dynasties in China, hence the name Lóngchéng. Taiyuan is located in the middle reaches of the Yellow River in North China and is surrounded by hills in its west, north and east. It covers an area of 6998 square kilometres. Population: Taiyuan is one of the super cities in China.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Taiyuan is an ancient city with more than 2500 years of urban history, dating back from 497 BC. It was the capital or secondary capital of Zhao, Former Qin, Eastern Wei, Northern Qi, Northern Jin, Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han, Northern Han. The Culture of Taiyuan-Dough Sculptures. They are primitive, crude but lively, exquisite but simple reflecting the people’s craving for a better future. The dough sculpture function as a token of marriage as well as a birthday gift. The Buddhist Tianlongshan Grottoes of Taiyuan started during this period and continued for many centuries afterwards.
Brief City History
Taiyuan, Wade-Giles romanization T’ai-yüan, city and capital of Shanxi sheng (province), China. One of the greatest industrial cities in China, it lies on the Fen River in the northern portion of the river’s fertile upper basin. Taiyuan commands the north-south route through Shanxi, as well as important natural lines of communication through the mountains to Hebei province in the east and, via Fenyang, to northern Shaanxi province in the west. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 1,970,304; (2007 est.) urban agglom, 2,913,000.The city was originally the site of Jinyang, a strategic centre for the ancient states of Jin and Zhao. After the Qin conquest of Zhao and other states in 221 BCE, it became the seat of the commandery (district under the control of a commander) of Taiyuan, which continued during the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) and after. In the Dong (Eastern) Han period (25–220 CE), it became the capital of the province (zhou) of Bing. In the 6th century, it was for a time a secondary capital of the Dong Wei and Bei (Northern) Qi states, growing into a large city and also becoming a centre of Buddhism. From that time until the middle of the Tang dynasty (618–907), the construction of the cave temples at Tianlong Mountain, southwest of the city, continued. The dynastic founder of the Tang began his conquest of the empire with Taiyuan as a base and using the support of its local aristocracy. It was periodically designated as the Tang’s northern capital and grew into a heavily fortified military base. The Song reunified China in 960, but Taiyuan continued to resist, and it was destroyed during fighting in 979. A new city was set up on the banks of the Fen in 982, a short distance from the old site. The city became a superior prefecture in 1059 and the administrative capital of Hedong (northern Shanxi) in 1107. It retained this function, with various changes in its name and status, until the end of the Yuan (Mongol) period (1368). At the beginning of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), it was renamed Taiyuan Fu (fu meaning “chief town”); it retained this name until 1912. During the Ming and Qing (1644–1911/12) periods, it was the capital of Shanxi. Under the republic (established in 1911), its name was changed to Yangqu, which it retained until 1927.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Jin Chinese is considered by some linguists to be a distinct language from Mandarin, and its geographical range covers most of Shanxi. Both Jin and Mandarin are spoken in Shanxi.
Important Types of Commerce in Taiyuan
Up to now, Taiyuan has become a modern industrial city with a focus on metallurgical industry, machinery, chemical industry and coal industry, supported by light textile, electronics, food industry, pharmaceutical industry, power sector and building materials industry.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Taiyuan
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