Rome is the capital city and a special commune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km², it is also the country’s most populated commune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Rome was built on seven hills at the bank of the Tiber river. Rome is around the center of the Italian peninsula. Italy had many hills and mountains but was easier to travel over than the mountains on Greece.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. Roman culture is an eclectic mix of high culture, the arts, fashion and historic architecture. Daily life centres around enduring traditions rich in religion and food. It is this contrast of historic and modern culture and traditions that define Rome as the Eternal City. Christianity was made the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 by Emperor Theodosius I, allowing it to spread further and eventually wholly replace Mithraism in the Roman Empire.
Brief City History
The traditional story states that Rome was founded by the brothers Romulus and Remus, who were the sons of Rhea Silvia and Mars, the god of war. The two children were sentenced to death but were instead snuck away by a servant. After being nursed by a wolf (la lupa, the she-wolf, still a symbol of Rome today) they were taken in by a shepherd. Eventually, they founded a village on the Palatine Hill, a hill that would eventually house the palaces of Roman Emperors such as Augustus and Tiberius. Scornful of the walls in the city, Remus met his death by Romulus who then proclaimed himself king of his new city of Rome. He invited peoples of all walks of life into his new city, ranging from ordinary folk to criminals running from the law. The Kingdom of Rome saw the reign of seven kings which lasted from 753 BC until 510 BC, when Tarquin II was ousted from power, thus establishing the Roman Republic in its place. The Roman Republic was ruled by the Senate, a body of elected officials empowered with the wishes of the people. The senate had many laws enacted to prevent anyone from acquiring too much power. Governing the senate were two elected officials called Consuls who acted as the perpetual leaders of the Roman world. The Republic of Rome enacted many checks and balances to keep power from swaying out of control and into the wrong hands. In times of crisis, a dictator could be appointed for a six month period, but would then have to give up their power.
The Republican Army, or legions, had three bodies of soldiers positioned in lines against the enemy. The new recruits were called the Hastati and they were placed on the front line. Principes, the second line, were comprised of soldiers in their prime physical condition whereas the last line, the Triarii, were veterans of the battle that would fight as a reserve. All soldiers were forced to purchase their own Armor and the quality of their Armor would also determine where they would end up in the Legion. During the timeframe of the Roman Republic, the dominance of Rome was to grow to heights not even the founders could have imagined. Rome received a real taste of battle in 280 BC when Pyrrhus of Epirus, King of Epirus which was a part of Greece, set out to invade the Italian Peninsula. Although Pyrrhus defeated the army Rome sent out, his army too suffered great casualties as well and for an invading army, this was detrimental to his campaign. Eventually, he was defeated in 275 BC, thus demonstrating the power of Rome to all those along the Mediterranean. Rome was then engaged in the Punic Wars against Carthage, another powerful nation in the Mediterranean. It was during the second Punic War, which lasted from 218 BC until 202 BC that the great Hannibal Barca, a Carthaginian general, marched over the Alps to deliver three major defeats to the Romans; one at the river Trebia, another at Lake Trasimeno and lastly his crushing victory against the Romans at Cannae. He was eventually defeated at the Battle of Zama by Scipio Africanus in 202 BC. Carthage was reduced to being a vassal state of Rome and it was finally completely assimilated as a part of Rome after the Third Punic War which ended in 146 BC. Trouble in Rome was brewing, however, as power created great corruption within the élite. The homeless rate in Rome was staggering, and two brothers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus sought to put an end to it. Although they were killed as a result, they paved the way for Gaius Marius, the man who started to get the wheels really turning for forging an Empire. Marius is specially credited with creating the Imperial Legion, which turned the Roman Army into a professional army. These men were to be the ones that would pave the way for the famous Roman statesman and general, Gaius Julius Caesar.
Julius Caesar was a man who knew how to use all that was around him to his advantage and took many risks in doing so. He formed the first triumvirate with two other Roman statesmen at the time; Marcus Crassus, the man who would put an end to the rebellion of Spartacus, and Gnaeus Pompey. Caesar was given command of legions and proceeded to conquer all of Gaul before turning back to Rome. Fearing Caesar would declare himself king, the Senate attempted to force Caesar to give up his legions to which Caesar refused, also fearing his own fate if he went into Rome without the legions. Thus Caesar crossed the river Rubicon and sparked a civil war. Caesar defeated Pompey at Pharsalus but was later murdered on March 15, 44 BC by a conspiracy of senators led by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius who were fearful of his enormous power.
The state eventually fell into the hands of Caesar’s grand-nephew and adopted son, Octavius. After defeating Marcus Antonius at the Battle of Actium, the rule of Rome eventually fell into Octavius’ hands. The senate bestowed upon him the title of Augustus, a name meaning “majestic” and symbolizing his great authority. Under Augustus, peace was restored to a Rome that was wrought by civil strife and paved the way for the Roman Empire.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Latin and Greek were the official languages of the Roman Empire, but other languages were important regionally.
Important Types of Commerce in Rome
Rome is also developed in the industry. Mainly in the technology sector, telecommunications, pharmaceutical, and food industries. Most factories are located in an area called Tiburtina Valley in the east of the city. Other important industrial areas are located in nearby towns such as Aprilia and Pomezia.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Rome
Rome is becoming a multicultural city that has a growing need for professional translations and interpreters. Rome has a need for communication across languages and that is where language services can help. Whether you need a Greek driver’s license translation, Greek marriage certificate translation, Greek business document translation or Greek legal document translation, Greek medical document translation or a Greek website translation, language services can help.
Looking for a Greek translation company? Look no further. American Language Services (AML-Global) offers certified translations, native interpreting services, and turn-key localization solutions for any language. Call us today @ 1-800-951-5020 for further information, visit our website https://www.alsglobal.net/ or for a quick quote click http://alsglobal.net/quick-quote.php.