Patna is an ancient city that sprawls along the south bank of the Ganges River in Bihar, northeast India. The state capital, it’s home to Bihar Museum, a contemporary landmark exhibiting bronze sculptures and old coins from the region. Nearby, Indo-Saracenic–style Patna Museum displays a casket believed to contain the Buddha’s ashes. Close to the river, the Golghar is a domed colonial granary overlooking the city. Patna is located on the southern bank of the river Ganges in Eastern India. The total area of Patna is 136 km2 (53 sq mi). Of this, the municipal area constitutes 99 km2 (38 sq. mi), while the suburban area constitutes 36 km2 (14 sq. mi). The exact cartographic co-ordinates of Patna are25.6°N 85.1°E.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Patliputra, was the capital of the Magadh Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. The majority of the people of Patna follow Hinduism which is succeeded by Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and Jainism in descending order. They are traditional by heart and prefer the classic and long-established way of living. Hinduism is the majority religion in Patna city with 86.39 % followers. Islam is the second most popular religion in city of Patna with approximately 12.27 % following it. In Patna city, Christianity is followed by 0.51 %, Jainism by 0.09 %, Sikhism by 0.23 %, and Buddhism by 0.23 %.
Brief City History
Patna, ancient Pataliputra, city, capital of Bihar state, northern India. It lies about 290 miles (470 km) northwest of Kolkata (Calcutta). Patna is one of the oldest cities in India. During the Mughal period, it was known as Azimabad. Patna is a riverside city that extends along the south bank of the Ganges (Ganga) River for about 12 miles (19 km). West of the old city lies the section called Bankipur, and farther southwest is a spacious new capital area with wide roads, shady avenues, and new buildings. Prominent among Patna’s modern structures are the Government House, the Assembly Chambers, the Oriental Library, a medical college, and an engineering college. Patna’s historic monuments include the mosque of Ḥusayn Shah of Bengal (1499); the Sikh Temple associated with the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh; and the granary at Bankipur (1786), popularly called the Golghar. The city also has the University of Patna (1917) and the Patna Museum. The city is connected by road to Hajipur, just north of the Ganges, via the Mahatma Gandhi Bridge across the river. The ancient city of Pataliputra was founded in the 5th century BCE by Ajatashatru, king of Magadha (South Bihar). His son Udaya (Udayin) made it the capital of Magadha, which it remained until the 1st century BCE. The second Magadha dynasty, the Maurya, ruled in the 3rd and early 2nd centuries BCE until the city was sacked in 185 by Indo-Greeks. The Shunga dynasty then began, ruling until about 73 BCE. Pataliputra remained a centre of learning and in the 4th century, CE became the capital of the Gupta dynasty. It declined and was deserted by the 7th century. The city was re-founded as Patna by an Afghan ruler in 1541 and again rose to prosperity under the Mughal Empire. It passed to the British in 1765. Extensive archaeological excavations have been made in the vicinity. Pop. (2001) 1,366,444; urban agglom, 1,697,976; (2011) 1,684,222; urban agglom., 2,049,156.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Hindi is the official language of the state of Bihar. English is also spoken extensively. (Source: Census of India 2001) The native dialect is Magahi. Other dialects from other regions of Bihar spoken widely in Patna are Bhojpuri and Maithili.
Important Types of Commerce in Patna
Bihar was an equally important center of cotton textile production. Various Patna-Gaya region also, this industry was organized at best as a cottage industry.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Patna
Doing business with Patna requires an understanding of their local language which is Hindi. An individual or business is required to have a Hindi interpreter accompanying them in Patna for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Hindi Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
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