Kharkiv is a city in northeast Ukraine. Sprawling Freedom Square is home to the constructivist Derzhprom building. Shevchenko Park features botanic gardens and a zoo. Kharkiv State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre stages regular performances. Southwest is the huge Annunciation Cathedral, with 5 domes and a bell tower. Northeast, Maxim Gorky Central Park has a giant Ferris wheel and a cable car. A well-known landmark of Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Ploshcha Svobody formerly known as Dzerzhinsky Square), which is the sixth-largest city square in Europe, and the 12th largest square in the world. There is an underground rapid-transit system (metro) with about 38.1 km (24 mi) of track and 29 stations.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major centre of Ukrainian industry, trade and culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev. The city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major centre of Ukrainian industry, trade and culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev. Religion in Ukraine is diverse, with a majority of the population adhering to Christianity. A 2018 survey conducted by the Razumkov Centre found that 71.7% of the population declared themselves believers.
Brief City History
Kharkiv, Russian Kharkov, city, north-eastern Ukraine. It lies at the confluence of the Uda, Lopan, and Kharkiv rivers. It was founded about 1655 as a military stronghold to protect Russia’s southern borderlands; part of the old kremlin wall survives. The centre of a region of fertile soils and rapid colonization in the 18th century, it quickly developed important trade and handicraft manufactures and became a seat of the provincial government in 1732. Its nodal position was enhanced in the later 19th century by the opening of the adjacent Donets Basin coalfield, first reached by rail from Kharkiv in 1869. At that period Kharkiv’s own industries, especially engineering, grew rapidly. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Kharkiv was made the first capital of the Ukrainian S.S.R. but lost this function to Kiev in 1934. In World War II this key junction was bitterly contested and changed hands several times, with very heavy destruction. Today Kharkiv retains its role as a communications centre: it is a large rail junction, with several trunk lines converging on it and a number of mainline stations. Kharkiv is also a node on the trunk highway system of Ukraine and Russia, with highways to Moscow, to Kiev and western Ukraine, to Zaporizhzhya and Crimea, and to Rostov-na-Donu and the Caucasus. It has a major airport as well. It is the second-largest city in Ukraine and is the centre of a metropolitan area comprising many satellite towns. The industrial structure of Kharkiv is headed by engineering. The city’s wide range of products has included diesel locomotives, machine tools, mining machinery, tractors and other agricultural machinery, bicycles, generators, steam turbines, and many electrical items. Light industries have produced foodstuffs and other consumer goods. Much of the power for industry and heating in the city derives from natural gas. The great destruction of World War II made it possible for contemporary Kharkiv to be rebuilt as a city of broad streets, large apartment blocks, imposing, often ponderous administrative and office buildings, and large industrial plants. Among survivals of the past are the 17th-century Pokrovsky Cathedral, the 19th-century Patriarchal Cathedral, and the bell tower commemorating the victory over Napoleon I in 1812.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian.
Important Types of Commerce in Kharkiv
Kharkiv restored its fame of the major mechanical engineering centre in Ukraine. The city produced locomotives, aeroplanes, tractors, turbines, metal cutting machines, mining and chemical equipment, automation instruments, equipment for light industry and food processing.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Kharkiv
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card and important business literature with a Ukrainian & Russian translation will impress a Kharkiv business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Kharkiv directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into a Ukrainian & Russian to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Kharkiv ministry of foreign affairs.
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