Hefei is the capital and largest city of the Chinese province of Anhui. A prefecture-level city, it is the political, economic, and cultural centre of Anhui. Hefei, in central Anhui, is a natural hub of communications, being situated to the north of Chao Lake and standing on a low saddle crossing the north-eastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which form the divide between the Huai and Yangtze rivers.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Hefei was the temporary capital for Anhui from 1853 to 1862. It was renamed as Hefei County in 1912. Following the Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1945, Hefei was made the capital of Anhui. Explore the best of Hefei New Culture District! Whether you want to experience the city like a tourist or follow the locals, check out this great resource for your trip.
Brief City History
Hefei, Wade-Giles romanization Ho-fei, formerly (until 1912) Luzhou, city and capital of Anhui sheng (province), China. It has been the provincial capital since 1952. Hefei, in central Anhui, is a natural hub of communications, being situated to the north of Chao Lake and standing on a low saddle crossing the north-eastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which form the divide between the Huai and Yangtze rivers. From Hefei there is easy water transport via the lake to the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) opposite Wuhu. Important land routes run through Hefei—east-west from Pukou (opposite Nanjing in Jiangsu) to Xi’an (in Shaanxi) and north-south from Xuzhou (in Jiangsu) and Bengbu to Anqing (both in Anhui).From the 8th to the 6th century BCE, Hefei was the site of the small state of Shu, later a part of the Chu kingdom. Many archaeological finds dating from that period have been made. The name Hefei was first given to a county set up in the area under the Han dynasty in the 2nd century BCE. During the 4th to the 6th century CE, this crucial border region between northern and southern states was much fought over; its name and administrative status were consequently often changed. During the Sui (581–618) and Tang (618–907) periods, it became the seat of Lu prefecture—a title it kept until the 15th century when it became a superior prefecture named Luzhou.
The present-day city dates from the Song dynasty (960–1279), the earlier Hefei having been some distance farther north. During the 10th century, it was for a while the capital of the independent Wu kingdom (902–937) and was an important centre of the Nan (Southern) Tang state (937–975/976). From 1127 it became a centre of the defences of the Nan Song dynasty (1127–1279) against the Jin (Juchen) invaders, as well as a flourishing centre of trade between the two states. When the Chinese republic was founded in 1911/12, the superior prefecture was abolished, and the city took the name Hefei. The construction in 1912 of the Tianjin-Pukou railway, farther east, for a while, made Hefei a provincial backwater, and much of its importance passed to Bengbu. In 1932–36, however, a Chinese company built a railway linking Hefei with Yuxikou (on the Yangtze opposite Wuhu) to the southeast and with the Huai River at Huainan to the north. While this railway was built primarily to exploit the rich coalfield in northern Anhui, it also did much to revive the economy of the Heifei area by taking much of its produce to Wuhu and Nanjing.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Standard Chinese (known in China as Putonghua), a form of Mandarin Chinese, is the official national spoken language for the mainland and serves as a lingua franca within the Mandarin-speaking regions (and, to a lesser extent, across the other regions of mainland China).
Important Types of Commerce in Hefei
In addition to manufacturing, the city’s economy is founded on the following key industries: Automobiles. Home appliances. Chemicals. New materials. Information technology. Biopharmaceuticals. Food processing.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Hefei
The rising Chinese economy requires impeccable interpreting and translation language services. Companies, NGOs, political organizations and international firms must seek Chinese interpreters and translators. While Mandarin Chinese is considered the star of Chinese business languages, odds are any dealings with Chinese business professionals requires the use of both Cantonese and Taiwanese as well. A language services firm must be able to accommodate all three dialects or there is no guarantee your message will be accurately conveyed. A language solutions team, be they are interpreters and/or professional translators – should have a sound working knowledge of both forms (written and spoken) so they have the flexibility and knowledge to work in all major forms of Chinese.
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