Hama is a city on the banks of the Orontes River in west-central Syria. It is located 213 km north of Damascus and 46 kilometres north of Homs. It is the provincial capital of the Hama Governorate. With a population of 854,000, Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs. An ancient town built on the banks of the Orontes River in central Syria (Sem., Hamath; Gk. Epiphania). Hama, located on the main road between Damascus and Aleppo, is about 130 miles (210 km) north of Damascus, the capital of Syria, and about 94 miles (152 km) south of Aleppo.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Located on the River Orontes, about 305km (190 miles) north of the capital Damascus, Hama has settled as long ago as the Neolithic age. The Aramaean kingdom of Hamath is said to have traded with Israel during the reigns of the biblical kings, David and Solomon. A 2005 estimate had Hama’s population at around 325,000 inhabitants. Most of the residents are Sunni Muslims (including mostly Arabs, Kurds, and Turkmen), although some districts of the city are exclusively Christian. Hama is reputed to be the most conservative Sunni Muslim city in Syria since the French Mandate times. Most of the residents are Sunni Muslims (including mostly Arabs, Kurds, and Turkmen), although some districts of the city are exclusively Christian. Hama is reputed to be the most conservative Sunni Muslim city in Syria since the French Mandate times.
Brief City History
Ḥamāh, also spelt Hama, city, central Syria, on the banks of the Orontes River. It was an important prehistoric settlement, becoming the kingdom of Hamath under the Aramaeans in the 11th century BCE. It fell under Assyrian control in the 9th century BCE and later passed under Persian, Macedonian, and Seleucid rule, the Seleucids renaming the city Epiphaneia in the 2nd century BCE. During Byzantine rule it reverted to Emath, a form of its traditional name. When the Arabs took the city in the 7th century CE, they transformed the principal Christian church into a great mosque. Ḥamāh was captured by Crusaders in 1108, retaken by the Muslims in 1115, destroyed by an earthquake in 1175, and occupied by Saladin in 1188, the Mamlūk sultans about 1300, and the Ottomans in the early 16th century. It passed to Syria after World War .Ḥamāh serves as an important agricultural market centre for cotton, cereals, fruit, and vegetables. Other economic activities include flour milling, wool and textile weaving, tanning, and cement manufacturing. Especially famous are the city’s gardens, which flank the river and are irrigated by great wooden waterwheels (Arabic nawāʿīr, singular nāʿūrah) measuring between 33 feet (10 metres) and 72 feet (22 metres) in diameter. They were constructed in the 14th century to raise water to aqueducts, which supplied water for drinking and irrigation. Several of the original 32 of these waterwheels are in present-day use. The ʿAẓm Palace (Bayt al-ʿAẓm), originally the residence of the governor of Ḥamāh (and later Damascus), Asʿad Paşa al-ʿAẓm, was restored by the Syrian Department of Antiquities but was damaged in fighting in 1982. The perfectly preserved 18th-century residence is now a museum that houses artefacts from the citadel of Hama, a little to the north of the city. This citadel (or tell) has produced artefacts from the 5th millennium BCE down through the Syro-Hittite kingdom of Hamath in the 2nd millennium into the Byzantine period. In the early 1980s, increasing political unrest culminated in a rebellion in the city by the Muslim Brotherhood in February 1982. The uprising was suppressed by the Syrian government with great force; about one-fourth of the old city was destroyed, and some 25,000 people were estimated to have been killed. Pop. (2004 est.) 366,800.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
At Hama, most Syrians speak various dialects of Levantine Arabic with Damascus Arabic being the prestigious dialect in the media. Dialects of the cities of Damascus, Homs, Hama and Tartous are more similar to each other than to that of the northern region of Aleppo.
Important Types of Commerce in Hama
The main industrial products are petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, and car assembly. Syria’s manufacturing sector was largely state-dominated until the 1990s when economic reforms allowed greater local and foreign private-sector participation.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Hama
Hama is building its relations with the international community. It is extremely important for those wishing to enter into the Hama market to gain a thorough knowledge of the country and its particular language. Not knowing the Levantine Arabic with Damascus Arabic language will leave you with the inability of doing business in this country. Professional language services can help you bridge the language gap and successfully penetrate the market with confidence. Many of the world’s best technology, engineering, biomedical and pharmaceutical companies’ partners with professional language services company for their translation, transcription and interpretation need.
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