Gwalior is a city in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It’s known for its palaces and temples, including the Sas Bahu Ka Mandir intricately carved Hindu temple. Ancient Gwalior Fort occupies a sandstone plateau overlooking the city and is accessed via a winding road lined with sacred Jain statues. Within the fort’s high walls is the 15th-century Gujari Mahal Palace, now an archaeological museum. Gwalior is located at at26.22°N 78.18°E. in northern Madhya Pradesh 300 km (186 miles) from Delhi. It has an average elevation of 197 metres (646 feet). Most part of it comes under the Bundelkhand area.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Gwalior was the winter capital of the state of Madhya Bharat which later became a part of the larger state of Madhya Pradesh. Prior to Indian independence on 15 August 1947, Gwalior remained a princely state of the British Raj with the Scindia as the local rulers. The Culture of Gwalior is characterized with a fine composite of Bundeli and Braj cultures wherein the indigenous religious, historical, architectural and artistic bequest of Gwalior is reflected through its illustrious tradition of art, music, dance, poetry and festivals. Hinduism is practised by the majority of the people in Gwalior (88.84%). Other religions practised include Islam (8.58%), Jainism (1.41%), Sikhism (0.56%), Christianity (0.29).
Brief City History
The area in which Gwalior is situated was the core of Gwalior princely state. That state was once the domain of the Sindhia family, a Maratha dynasty that controlled much of north-western India during the second half of the 18th century. The foundations of the Gwalior state were laid by Ranoji Sindhia about 1745, and the state reached its greatest extent under Sindhia Mahadaji (reigned 1761–94). Maharaji was the ruler of a vast territory that included parts of central India and Hindustan proper (northern India), while his officers exacted tribute from the principal Rajput rulers, including those of Jaipur and Jodhpur. Under Mahadaji’s grandnephew, Daulat Rao, the Gwalior state lost considerable territory to the British in 1803 and 1818 after losing wars to them. The state came completely under British domination in the 1840s. During the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58, the Sindhia ruler of Gwalior remained loyal to the British, but his army joined the mutineers and temporarily occupied Gwalior city before being defeated.
Gwalior has constituted a municipality in 1887, and the princely state of Gwalior was absorbed by independent India in 1948. At the time of its incorporation, it had an area of about 26,000 square miles (68,000 square km) and comprised almost all of what is now northern Madhya Pradesh state, extending from the Chambal River southward to the Vindhya mountain range. The area was merged with Madhya Pradesh in 1956.The old city of Gwalior centres on the walled fortress, one of the most famous in India, that is situated atop a cliffed plateau nearly 2 miles (3 km) long that rises a sheer 300 feet (90 metres) from the plain. The fort was first mentioned in a temple inscription about 525 CE. Of strategic importance in guarding the main route from the plains of northern India, it was in the hands of Hindu rulers until 1232 and then changed hands several times between Muslim and Hindu rulers until 1751. Thereafter it remained a Maratha stronghold, although it was captured by the British in 1780, 1843, and 1858. It was evacuated by the British in 1886 in exchange for the imposition of British rule over the city of Jhansi. The fortress contains several tanks (reservoirs), six palaces, six temples, a mosque, and several other buildings. The Teli-ka-Mandir (11th century), the Gujari Mahal (c. 1500), and the surviving atrium of the Great Sas-Bahu Temple (1093) are outstanding examples of Hindu architecture within the fort. Just below the fort’s walls are 15th-century rock-cut Jain statues that are nearly 60 feet (18 metres) high.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Gwalior. The city has a strong Marathi influence due to Maratha rule in the past centuries.
Important Types of Commerce in Gwalior
The industries at Gwalior include the textile mills and the artificial silk manufacturing plants. The handicraft and handloom industry also form an important part of the industries in Gwalior. Morar is said to be the centre of local trade.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Gwalior
Doing business with Gwalior requires an understanding of their local language which is Hindi. An individual or business is required to have a Hindi interpreter accompanying them in Gwalior for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Hindi Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
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