Guatemala City is the capital of Guatemala, in Central America. It’s known for its Mayan history, high-altitude location and nearby volcanoes. On central Plaza Mayor, also known as Parque Central, the Metropolitan Cathedral is full of colonial paintings and religious carvings. The National Palace of Culture has a balcony overlooking the square. South of the city, trails leads up to the active Pacaya Volcano. Major cities are the capital Guatemala City, elevation 1,500 m (Central Highlands), Antigua Guatemala, elevation 1,530 m (Central Highlands), Quetzaltenango elevation 2,350 m (Western Highlands) and Puerto Barrios on the Caribbean coast. The largest lake Lago de Izabal (589.6 km²), is close to the Caribbean coast.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The area of Guatemala City was the location of Kaminaljuyu, a Mayan civilization dating back to 1100 B.C.E. The modern city was founded as the capital of the captaincy general of Guatemala in 1776, replacing Antigua Guatemala. Three years previous it was destroyed by an earthquake. The culture of Guatemala reflects strong Mayan and Spanish influences and continues to be defined as a contrast between poor Mayan villagers in the rural highlands, and the urbanized and relatively wealthy mestizos population (known in Guatemala as ladinos) who occupy the cities and surrounding agricultural plains.
Brief City History
Guatemala City was founded in 1776 to replace Antigua Guatemala, which had been virtually destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, as the capital of the captaincy general of Guatemala. The modern city was largely rebuilt after the disastrous earthquakes of 1917–18, which shook the city intermittently for six weeks. Guatemala City, Spanish Guatemala or in full Ciudad de Guatemala, capital of Guatemala, the largest city in Central America, and the political, social, cultural, and economic centre of Guatemala. Lying in a valley of the central highlands at an elevation of 4,897 feet (1,493 metres) above sea level, it has a temperate and invigorating mountain climate. Guatemala City was founded in 1776 to replace Antigua Guatemala, which had been virtually destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, as the capital of the captaincy general of Guatemala. After independence from Spain was declared in 1821, Guatemala City served successively as the capital of the province of Central America under the Mexican Empire of Agustín de Iturbide (1822–23), the Central American Federation (1823–33), the state, and, finally, the independent Republic of Guatemala. Distrust of the city in other areas of Central America and the prevalence of open fighting in the city’s streets and public buildings was a factor in the demise of the federation and in the failure of subsequent attempts to revive it. When Quezaltenango, which had become the capital of Guatemala in all but name, was destroyed by an earthquake in 1902, many of the leading families moved to Guatemala City. The modern city was largely rebuilt after the disastrous earthquakes of 1917–18, which shook the city intermittently for six weeks. The characteristic appearance created by low massive structures has been modified somewhat by the erection of steel and concrete multi-storied hotels and office and apartment buildings of modern design. Elegant residential districts have grown up on the borders of the old city, particularly toward the south, and low-cost housing units have been constructed in various parts of the urban area.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Spanish is the most widely spoken language in Guatemala. Spanish is the official language of Guatemala. 21 Mayan languages, one indigenous language, and one Arawakan language are also spoken in the country.
Important Types of Commerce in Guatemala City
The main industries in Guatemala include the production of coffee; production of textiles, paper industries, petroleum, pharmaceutical products, and rubber processing; and tourism.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Guatemala City
Guatemala has been in a trade relationship with several countries. Because of such close relations, the necessity to learn and understand the Spanish language has increased in importance over the years. This developed the need for Spanish translators and interpreters. Moreover, for businesses planning to tap into Guatemala, in order to maximize the voice of your brand and help them to reach a new Spanish-speaking audience with enormous marketing opportunities in the global market, the next step is to partner with a professional translation and interpretation company.
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