Donetsk, formerly known as Aleksandrovka, Hughesovka, Yuzovka and Stalino, is an industrial city in Eastern Ukraine and the capital city of the unrecognized Donetsk People’s Republic, located on the Kalmius River. The population was estimated at 929,063 in the city core, with over 2,000,000 in the metropolitan area. The Kalmius River links the city with the Sea of Azov, which is 95 km (59 mi) to the south, and a popular recreational area for those living in Donetsk. A wide belt of farmlands surrounds the city. The city stretches 28 km (17 mi) from north to south and 55 km (34 mi) from east to west.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine. In 1924 Yuzovka was renamed Stalino, and in 1932 the city became the centre of the Donetsk region. Renamed Donetsk in 1961, the city today remains a centre for coal mining and for the steel industry. The Donetsk People’s Republic is a Russia backed proto-state in the Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine .6.1 War crimes; 6.2 Allegations of anti-Semitism; 6.3 Religion; 6.4 Romani people; 6.5 LGBT community; 6.6 Prejudice against Ukrainian.
Brief City History
Donetsk, also spelled Doneck, formerly (until 1924) Yuzivka or Yuzovka, also spelled Iuzovka, (1924–61) Stalino, city, southeastern Ukraine, on the headwaters of the Kalmius River. In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes (from whom the town’s pre-Revolutionary name Yuzivka was derived), to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Later steel rails were made. The plant used coal from the immediate vicinity, and both coal mining and steel making developed rapidly. By 1914 there were 4 metallurgical plants, 10 coal pits, and a population of about 50,000. Under the Soviet Union, Yuzivka was renamed Stalino and, in 1961, Donetsk. Heavy destruction in World War II led to post-war modernization and an increase in industry, which resulted in substantial and sustained economic growth. Coal has been Donetsk’s dominant industry, though it has undergone a decline. The centre of the iron and steel industry is the Donetsk Metallurgical Plant. Coke by-products are the basis of a chemical industry producing plastics. There are several heavy engineering works, and light and food industries are also important. Manufactures include clothing, cotton cloth, footwear, furniture, and refrigerators.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
In 1994 a referendum took place in the Donetsk Oblast and the Luhansk Oblast, with around 90% supporting the Russian language gaining status of an official language alongside Ukrainian, and for the Russian language.
Important Types of Commerce in Donetsk
Donetsk is one of the largest metallurgical, coal-mining, machine-building, and chemical-industry centres in Ukraine. It has about 200 industrial enterprises. Some of its key metallurgical plants are the Donetsk Metallurgical Plant and a rolled-steel plant (established in 1956).
Language Services US and others will provide working with Donetsk
Russian language service is important to consider when doing business in Donetsk as it is the major language used in the country. Individuals or companies in various sector such as Legal, Machinery and technologies, Business, Finance, Medicine, Advertising, communications, PR, Transport, Computer hardware and software, Science, Agriculture, Automotive, European Union Documents, Legal, Government, Industrial, Life Science, Retail, and Technology would require to indulge in professional translation to adapt documents expertly to and from Donetsk.
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