Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, borders Central Asia’s Tian Shan range. It’s a gateway to the Kyrgyz Ala-Too mountains and Ala Archa National Park, with glaciers and wildlife trails. The city’s arts scene encompasses the monumental State Museum of Fine Arts and the colonnaded Opera and Ballet Theatre. The vast, central Ala-Too Square features the Manas monument, honoring the hero of the Kyrgyz Epic of Manas. It lies in the Chu River valley near the Kyrgyz Mountains at an elevation of 2,500–3,000 feet (750–900 metres). Bishkek is situated along the Alaarcha and Alamedin rivers and intersects in the north with the Bolshoy (Great) Chuysky Canal.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
When the latter became the Kirgiz (Kyrgyz) Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1926, Pishpek became its capital and was renamed Frunze after the revolutionary and Red Army leader Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze, who had been born there in 1885. It developed rapidly into a modern city. In 1991 it was renamed Bishkek. The capital, Bishkek, is in the north, near the Kazak border, where it was known as Frunze during the Soviet era. The country is divided into north and south by mountain ranges. Northern culture has been influenced by Russians, while southern culture has absorbed Uzbek traditions. Today, Sunni Muslims make up about 83% of the population of Kyrgyzstan, followed by Christians at 15%. The population of Christians can be divided up into Russians, who are Orthodox, and Germans, who are Lutherans, plus some Catholics. A small percentage of the population is Buddhist or Jewish.
Brief City History
In 1825, by a Silk Road settlement on a tributary of the Chuy River, the Uzbek khan of Kokand built a little clay fort, one of several along caravan routes through the Tian Shan mountains. In 1862 the Russians captured and wrecked it, and set up a garrison of their own. The town of Pishpek was founded 16 years later, swelled by Russian peasants lured by land grants and the Chuy Valley’s fertile black earth. In 1926 the town, re-baptized Frunze, became the capital of the new Kyrgyz ASSR. The name never sat well; Mikhail Frunze (who was born here) was the Russian Civil War commander who helped keep tsarist Central Asia in Bolshevik hands and hounded the Basmachi rebellion into the mountains. In 1991 the city became Bishkek, the Kyrgyz form of its old Kazakh name. A pishpek or Bishkek is a churn for kumys. Numerous legends (some quaint, some rude) explain how it came to be named for a wooden plunger. Others conclude disappointingly that this was simply the closest familiar sound to its old Sogdian name, Peshagakh, meaning ‘place below the mountains’. With the 4800m, the permanently snow-capped rampart of the Kyrgyz Alatau range looming over it, the Sogdian name still fits.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
In Bishkek, Russian is the primary language spoken.
Important Types of Commerce in Bishkek
The city of Bishkek has the third-highest share of industrial production, from which the largest sectors are energy (31%), food processing (28%), construction materials (10%) and textile (10%).
Language Services US and others will provide working with Bishkek
Russian is the official language of Bishkek. For any industry to penetrate into Bishkek, it’s exceptionally important to use a professional translator when you want to translate Russian. Many business sectors, including Automobile, Legal, Medical, Agriculture, Tech, Science, Government and so on utilize professional Russian translation services to flawlessly translate their important documents. A professional Russian translator with an expert understanding of the use of vocabulary and grammar is best equipped to handle the specific nuances of this unique language.
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