Calgary, a cosmopolitan Alberta city with numerous skyscrapers, owes its rapid growth to its status as the centre of Canada’s oil industry. However, it’s still steeped in the western culture that earned it the nickname “Cowtown,” evident in the Calgary Stampede, its massive July rodeo and festival that grew out of the farming exhibitions once presented here. Calgary is 848 square kilometres in size or 327 square miles. It sits at an elevation of 1,048 metres (3,438 feet) above sea level. Calgarians enjoy more days of sunshine than any other major Canadian city. Calgary is in an economic region that’s home to more than 1.4 million people.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod. When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. Culture in Calgary. Calgary’s culture is as varied as its population, finding expression across the city through art, food, fashion, dance, film, festivals, cultural celebrations, literary programs, powwows, and more. There are over 120 languages spoken in Calgary. In Calgary the most predominant religious affiliation is Christian. This accounts for 55.06% of the population of Calgary. No religious affiliation accounts for 32.39% of the population of Calgary. Muslim accounts for 5.25% of the population of Calgary.
Brief City History
For 10,000 years native people lived on the site of Calgary. Then in 1875, the Mounties built a fort there. In 1876 it was named Fort Calgary after Calgary Bay in Scotland. The Scottish name is derived from the Gaelic words Cala-ghearridh meaning pasture by the bay. When a railway station was built near Fort Calgary in 1883 the little settlement grew rapidly. In 1884 Calgary was incorporated as a town. Calgary suffered a bad fire in 1886 but nobody was killed and the little town soon recovered. It became a city in 1894. By then Calgary had a population of nearly 4,000. Calgary City Hall was built in 1911 and Calgary stampede began in 1912. Then in 1914 oil was discovered near Calgary and an oil refinery opened in the city in 1923. More oil was discovered in Alberta in 1947. As a result of oil, Calgary boomed. Meanwhile, Calgary Zoo was founded in 1920.In the late 20th century Calgary continued to thrive. Calgary University was established in 1966 and the Telus Convention Centre opened in 1974. Calgary Transit began in 1981. Industry in Calgary is still dominated by oil and gas. However, tourism is also important in Calgary. Heritage Park Historical Village opened in 1964. Glenbow Museum was established in 1966. The Calgary Tower was built in 1968. Aero Space Museum of Calgary was established in 1975. Devonian Gardens opened in 1977 and Epcor Centre for the Performing Arts opened in 1985. The Winter Olympic Games were held in Calgary in 1988 and the Military Museums were established in 1990. The Calgary Chinese Cultural Centre was built in 1992. Telus Spark opened in 2011. Calgary is also a major shopping centre. Chinook Centre opened in 1960. South centre Mall opened in 1974. Cross Iron Mills Shopping Centre opened in 2009. Today Calgary is a thriving city and it is still expanding rapidly. The famous building called The Bow was built in 2012. Today the population of Calgary is 1.2 million.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The top three immigrant languages in Calgary are Punjabi, Chinese dialects, and Spanish. In the home, 80 per cent of Calgarians are speaking English. Two per cent speak Punjabi, 1.5 per cent speak Tagalog, and just 0.6 per cent speak French.
Important Types of Commerce in Calgary
Important industries in Calgary include financial services, wholesale and retail, real estate, transportation, construction, and manufacturing. Calgary has been undergoing major industrial restructuring and developing its high-tech industries.
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