Asuncion is the capital city of Paraguay, bordered by the Paraguay River. It’s known for its grand López Palace, the seat of government housing the president’s offices. Nearby, the National Pantheon of Heroes has a mausoleum and plaques commemorating Paraguayan historical figures. The Independence House Museum is marked by its colonial architecture and features artefacts documenting emancipation from Spanish rule. The capital’s metropolitan area is called Greater Asunción, extending over a total of 392 square miles (1,014 square kilometres). Greater Asunción is home to approximately 2.7 million people. At the country level, Paraguay’s land area covers 153,399 square miles (397,302 square kilometres).
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion (Our Lady of the Assumption), was founded on the feast day of the Assumption on August 15, 1537, by Spanish explorers Juan de Salazar (1508-1560) and Gonzalo de Mendoza. Jesuits established mission settlements on the Paraná River, a tributary of the Paraguay River, in 1588. When Spanish settlers arrived in 1500, many of them took Guarani wives, thereby creating an interesting fusion of European and indigenous cultures for visitors to see. As a result, many natives of Paraguay speak both Spanish and Guarani. Asuncion is home to a variety of sacred places, religious sites and temples. Although Asuncion is predominantly Roman Catholic, the Protestant, Baha’i, Buddhist, and Jewish faiths are also represented.
Brief City History
Asuncion is known as the “Mother of Cities” because it is one of the first cities in South America to be founded by European explorers. At one time, this city, originally called Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, was larger and more important than Buenos Aires. The city was founded on August 15, Assumption Day, in the year 1537. It soon became the administrative centre for a Spanish colonial province that included much of modern-day Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Spanish missionaries also used this town as a base, from which they set out to convert the natives in the surrounding regions.
Over the next two centuries, Asunción developed into a mixed society of criollos, mestizos and aborigines. Agitation for self-rule grew until the Spanish governor of Paraguay, Bernardo de Velasco, was overthrown in 1811 and the country was declared independent. The revolutionary headquarters were in the home of Juana María de Lara, which is now a museum called the Casa de la Independencia. The city began an industrialization and modernization program by paving roads and building factories to stimulate the country’s economy, but political upheavals left Asunción unstable and effectively mothballed for many decades. Today, the country is growing again under the leadership of a somewhat democratic government, but still faces massive corruption problems.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Spanish and Guaraní are Paraguay’s official languages. Nearly 87% of the country’s population speaks Spanish. Guaraní is spoken by about 4,650,000 people, accounting for over 90% of the people of Paraguay. In rural areas, 52% of the Guaraní speakers are monolingual.
Important Types of Commerce in Asuncion
Agriculture, Cement, Food Processing, Forestry, Textiles, Timber Products, Vegetable Oil Refining. MAIN EXPORTS: Cotton, Fruit, Meat Products, Soya Beans, Timber, Tobacco, Vegetable Oils, Vegetables.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Asuncion
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