Ukraine is a large country in Eastern Europe known for its Orthodox churches, Black Sea coastline and forested mountains. Its capital, Kiev, features the gold-domed St. Sophia’s Cathedral, with 11th-century mosaics and frescoes. Overlooking the Dnieper River is the Kiev Pechersk Lavra monastery complex, a Christian pilgrimage site housing Scythian tomb relics and catacombs containing mummified Orthodox monks. Suriname can be divided into two main geographic regions; the coastal lowlands of the north, and the tropical rainforests and savanna of the west and south. A few small mountains ranges dissect the fertile land, with the De Hann and Van Asch Van Wijck the most significant.
Suriname is home to the WJ van Blumenstein Lake, one of the largest reservoir lakes on the planet; created by a river dam, it provides hydropower for many of the country’s industries. Almost 14% of Suriname is allocated to a series of National Parks (NP) and Nature Reserves (NR). Suriname is a land of rivers, and major ones include the Coppename, Corantyne, Gran, Lucie, Marowijne and Saramacca.
Key cities in Ukraine include Kiev, Kharkiv, Odessa, Dnipro, Donetsk, Zaporizhia, Lviv, Kryvyi Rih, Mykolaiv,Mariupol.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The Ukrainian Bolsheviks, who had defeated the national government in Kiev, established the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which on 30 December 1922 became one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union. In 1945 the Ukrainian SSR became one of the founding members of the United Nations. Around 55% are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church while 6.5%, mostly in western Ukraine, adhere to the Uniate (Eastern-rite) or Ukrainian Greek Catholic tradition. Other minorities include the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant groups. The main religion in Ukraine is Orthodox Christianity that is observed by approximately 75 percent of people. Catholicism is also one of the major religions in Ukraine (23 %). Besides, there are also such confessions as Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and Adventism on the territory of Ukraine.
Brief Country History
In the 7th century BC a people called the Scythians lived in what is now Ukraine. Later the Greeks settled on the north coast of the Black Sea and they founded city-states there. Slavs settled Ukraine in the 5th and 6th centuries AD.
Then in the 9th century, Swedish Vikings sailed along rivers into the heart of Eastern Europe. Some of them settled in Ukraine. In 882 a Viking named Oleg captured Kiev and it became the capital of a powerful state. In 988 under Vladimir I Ukraine converted to Christianity.
However, in the 11th and 12th centuries, the state broke up into fragments. Disaster struck in 1240 when the Mongols, led by Batu, grandson of Genghis Khan conquered southern and eastern Ukraine. However northern and western Ukraine remained independent until the 14th century when it was taken over by the Poles and Lithuanians. They gradually drove back the Mongols or Tartars. However, the Tartars still held Crimea and in the 15th century, they came under the domination of the Turkish Empire.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, some serfs (halfway between slaves and freemen) ran away from Polish landlords and settled on the steps of Ukraine. They were called Kozaky (Cossacks), which means freemen. The Cossacks formed self-governing communities. Eventually, they united to form the Cossack Hetmanate led by a hetman (general). However, in the late 17th century Poland came to dominate western Ukraine while Russia dominated eastern Ukraine. Then in the 18th century Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia was determined to absorb eastern Ukraine into Russia.
The Cossack Hetmanate was abolished in 1764. Meanwhile, in the 18th century, Poland was declining and in 1772-1795 Russia and Austria decided to help themselves to Polish territory. Most of western Ukraine was taken by Russia (except for a small strip in the far west, which went to Austria). Finally, in 1783 Russia conquered Crimea. Catherine the Great also founded Odessa.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian, an East Slavic language that is the native language of 67.5% of Ukraine’s population. Russian is the native language of 29.6% of Ukraine’s population (mostly urban areas) and the rest (2.9%) are native speakers of other languages.
Important Types of Commerce in Ukraine
In Ukraine covering about 20 major industries, namely power generating, fuel, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical and petrochemical and gas, machine-building and metal-working, forest, wood-working and wood pulp and paper, construction materials, light, food and others.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Ukraine
Ukraine is one of the most advanced economies in the world trades with several countries. English to Ukrainian and Russian translation is used for many reasons. Whatever your reason for English to Ukrainian and Russian translation, there are over seven million speakers of Ukrainian and Russian, the majority living in Ukraine. This is an audience that can be added to your target market, research, or any other scholarly or business endeavor. This creates the need for professional language services. Professional Ukrainian and Russian translators have specialized and industry-specific experience, so whether you need legal documents, medical transcripts, scholarly texts, user guides, manuals or web content for technical Ukrainian and Russian translation connect with a professional language service provider to get it done.
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