Tajikistan is a country in Central Asia surrounded by Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. It’s known for rugged mountains, popular for hiking and climbing. The Fann Mountains, near the national capital Dushanbe, have snow-capped peaks that rise over 5,000 meters. The range encompasses the Iskanderkulsky Nature Refuge, a notable bird habitat named for Iskanderkul, a turquoise lake formed by glaciers. Tajikistan is almost all mountains (93%), dominated by the Alay Range in the north and the Pamir Mountains to the southeast. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation. Tajikistan’s highest point is Qullai Ismoili Somoni, and peaks at 24,589 ft. (7,495 m).The numerous mountain chains are etched with deep valleys formed by a dense maze of cold-water rivers.

The eastern mountains contain many glaciers and lakes. The Fedchenko Glacier (surrounding the country’s highest peaks) covers 700 square kilometers and is the largest non-polar glacier in the world. The lowest elevations are in the northwest, southwest and in the Fergana Valley, which dominates Tajikistan’s far northern section.

The country’s extensive mountain system spawns many rivers, with the most significant being the Syr Darya, Amu Darya (called the Panj in central Tajikistan), Vakhsh (called the Surkhob in northern Tajikistan), Panj, Pamir and Bartang.

Key Cities

Key cities in Tajikistan include: Dushanbe, Khujand, Kulob, Qurghonteppa, Istaravshan, Vahdat, Konibodom, Tursunzoda, Isfara, Panjakent, khorugh, Yovon, Hisor.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s. The Basmachi revolt broke out in the wake of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and was quelled in the early 1920s during the Russian Civil War. In 1924 Tajikistan became an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union, the Tajik ASSR, within Uzbekistan. Culture. The Tajik identity and culture dates back several thousand years and is very similar to that of Afghanistan and Iran in terms of language, beliefs, and habits. The vast majority of the population is Muslim, which had shaped the culture, particularly the art, food, music, and festivals. Sunni Islam is, by far, the most widely practiced religion in Tajikistan. According to a 2009 U.S. State Department release, the population of Tajikistan is 98% Muslim (approximately 95% Sunni and 3% Shia).

Brief Country History

Tajikistan has an interesting history that brought about the genuine Tajik culture. Basically, the past best explains why the succeeding generations opted to preserve traditional customs that have been passed on by ancient descendants. No wonder, cultural resistance against foreign lifestyle has been apparent in the past up to the present.

It is believed that ancient Tajik people are of pure Aryan lineage that settled in the Pamir mountains sometime in the 8th century. The small landlocked territory was an ideal sanctuary from invading empires such as the Mongols. It is also in this period when the Arabs dominated Central Asia to introduce Islam.

In particular, the 9th and 10th centuries characterized the height of Tajik civilization. It has taken place during the Samanids rule that later took over most of Central Asia. The empire indeed gained extensive power by controlling neighboring vast lands. Not only that, but the period also paved the way for the development of natural and social sciences. In turn, the royal palace accommodated scientists, philosophers, and artists to encourage wisdom throughout the Kingdom.

1921 marked the commencement of the Soviet-era by putting northern Tajikistan under the Soviet’s official control. Later in 1929 though, the territory gained the status of Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. This has been remarkable since the developmental system of the Soviet Republic has been extended in the Tajik Society particularly in agriculture, education, politics, etc. The entire developmental framework was pursued amidst continuous resistance to Russian domination.

Then came 1991 when independence was finally granted instituting Tajikistan into full statehood. Transition to independent nationhood has not been easy. The State is still in the process of learning the ropes on competent governance up to the present. In fact, the international community is still providing assistance in furtherance of national development.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

Tajik or Tajiki also called Tajiki Persian is the variety of Persian spoken in Tajikistan and the introduction of Russian loanwords into the Tajik language was largely justified under the Soviet policy of modernization.

Important Types of Commerce in Tajikistan

Tajikistan’s only heavy manufacturing industries are aluminum and chemical production and a very small machinery and metalworking industry. The most important light industries are food processing and fabric and carpet weaving.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Tajikistan

Tajiki is the official language of Tajikistan. For a company to get proper recognition and market share it is important to translate and localize its marketing campaign to Tajiki for getting the better half of the Tajikistan market. Localization gives the consumer the impression that a product or service has been created specifically for them, demonstrating that the company cares. Showing respect for culture and language can add value to a brand and product – being ignorant can be disastrous. Translating correctly into the local market language is as important as sensitivity to cultural issues.

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