Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Neighboring states include the People’s Republic of China to the west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. About two-thirds of Taiwan is a rugged mountain landscape with the Chung-yang Shan range (central) dominating the island, and some 200 peaks exceeding 9,840 ft. (3,000 m).Yu-Shan is Taiwan’s highest point at 12,966 ft. (3,952 m) while the South China Sea is its lowest (0 m).West of the central mountain range the land is covered by rolling hills that descend gently into a somewhat flat region, north to south. Taiwan is a geologically active island; earthquakes are frequent and the island is punctuated by numerous steam vents and hot sulfur springs. In fact, Taiwan experiences as much as 15,000 to 18,000 earthquakes each year; 800 to 1,000 of which are noticed by people. The largest body of water in Taiwan is Sun Moon Lake; as well, there are over 150 rivers and large streams rising in the central mountains, with the most significant rivers including the Choshui and Kaoping. It claims numerous (small) islands within its immediate territories and off the coast of China, including the islands of Quemoy, Matsu and Wuchiu.
Key cities in Taiwan include New Taipei City, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei, Taoyuan, Tainan, Hsinchu, Keelung, Chiayi, Changhua.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The ROC was founded in 1912 in China. At that time, Taiwan was under Japanese colonial rule as a result of the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, by which the Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan. The ROC government began exercising jurisdiction over Taiwan in 1945 after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II. The culture of Taiwan is a blend of Confucianist Han Chinese and indigenous Taiwanese cultures. The common socio-political experience in Taiwan gradually developed into a sense of Taiwanese cultural identity and a feeling of Taiwanese cultural awareness, which has been widely debated domestically. For the most part, the traditional religions practiced in Taiwan are Buddhism, Taoism, and folk religions; except for a small number of purely Buddhist temples, however, most of the island’s traditional places of worship combine all three traditions.
Brief Country History
During the Late Pleistocene, the mainland and Taiwan were joined together until roughly 10,000 years ago when the sea levels went up. Human remnants dating back to 20,000 to 30,000 years have been discovered in the country. Relics of the Paleolithic culture have also been discovered on the island.
About 6,000 years ago, the country was occupied by farmers and the majority of them were from mainland China. It is believed that these are the descendants of modern-day Taiwanese locals and their dialects belong to the Austronesian language family. The Taiwanese, however, portray more diversity unlike the other members of the family which extend to a wide territory from Madagascar to Maritime Southeast Asia, Easter Island, Hawaii and New Zealand.
The Neolithic Dapenkeng culture materialized at around 3,000 BC and it spread rapidly on the coast of Taiwan. The locations of this culture were depicted by slate points, polished stone adzes, and corded-ware pottery. The occupants during this culture planted millet and rice. They also depended a lot on fish and marine shells. Other cultures on the island succeeded in the Dapenkeng culture. Some of these cultures included the Yingpu and Tahu cultures. It was during the Niaosung culture that iron materialized and the first metal relics were trade goods. However, around 400 ADS, bloomeries, a technique adopted from the Philippines was being used to manufacture wrought iron.
It is believed that in the 3rd century, troops from the Three Kingdoms nation of Wu visited an island referred to as Yizhou. The Book of Sui also documents that in the 7th century, Emperor Yang of the Sui dynasty sent a number of expeditions to an area referred to as ‘Liuqiu’, which was later related to the island chain towards the northeast of Taiwan.
In the 13th century, the Han Chinese fishermen started inhabiting the Penghu islands. These new settlers, however, faced hostility from Taiwan tribes and the absence of valuable trade goods meant that the country was visited less by outsiders until the 16th century when visits by the Japanese, Chinese, and Fujian fishermen became more recurrent.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The main languages spoken in Taiwanese are dialects of Chinese, a situation which 1, Official languages, Standard Mandarin Chinese 3, Vernaculars, Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Mandarin, Taiwanese Hakka.
Important Types of Commerce in Taiwan
The major industries in Taiwan are electronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Taiwan
The rising Taiwanese economy requires impeccable interpreting and translation language services. Companies, NGOs, political organizations and international firms must seek Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Mandarin, Taiwanese Hakka Mandarin Chinese interpreters and translators. While Mandarin Chinese is considered the star of Taiwanese business languages, odds are any dealings with Chinese business professionals require the use of other dialects as well. A language services firm must be able to accommodate all the dialects or there is no guarantee your message will be accurately conveyed. A language solutions team, be they are interpreters and/or professional translators – should have a sound working knowledge of both forms (written and spoken) so they have the flexibility and knowledge to work in all major forms of Chinese.
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