Slovenia, a country in Central Europe, is known for its mountains, ski resorts, and lakes. On Lake Bled, a glacial lake fed by hot springs, the town of Bled contains a church-topped islet and a cliffside medieval castle. In Ljubljana, Slovenia’s capital, baroque facades mix with the 20th-century architecture of native Jože Plečnik, whose iconic Tromostovje (Triple Bridge) spans the tightly curving Ljubljanica River. Over 40% of Slovenia is mountains, as the Alps extend across the northern part of the country. The country’s highest point is Triglav, which rests in the Alps, and peaks at 9,396 ft (2,864 m). The Julian and Savinja ranges run along its borders with Austria and Italy. Located within the Julian Alps are two glacial lakes (Bohinj and Bled), and major rivers include the Drava and Sava. Moving towards the central and south, the balance of the land is a mixture of high hills and valleys, covered by green forests. Slovenia, as a matter of fact, is ranked third in Europe for being the most forested country, with over half of its land covered.
Key cities include: Ljubljana, Maribor, Celje, Kranj, Koper/Capodistria, Velenje, Novo Mesto.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
In 1918, Slovenes formed Yugoslavia along with Serbs and Croats, while a minority came under Italy. The state of Slovenia was created in 1945 as part of the federal Yugoslavia. Slovenia gained its independence from Yugoslavia in June 1991 and is today a member of the European Union and NATO. Slovenia is an excitingly colorful country. Throughout its history, it has resided at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Germanic and Slavic spheres of influence, which left a curious mark on today’s cultural climate of the nation. The dominant religion in Slovenia is Christianity, primarily the Catholic Church, the largest Christian denomination in the country. Other Christian groups having significant followings in the country include Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism (Lutheranism).
Brief Country History
Slovenia was inhabited by the Celts and Illyrians whose population was well-developed in ancient times. This is now bolstered by the discovery of Illyrian friezes near Ljubljana, the country’s capital, which depict ritual sacrifices, feasts, battles, sporting events, and other activities.
The first century saw the establishment of the Roman Empire in the region following 200 years of fighting with the local tribes. This is evidenced by the establishment of the Roman cities of Celje, Ljubljana, Vhrnika and Ptug. In year 595, after the first and second Slavic settlement, the Slavic-Avar army gained control of the territory, thereby consolidating the boundary between Frankish and Avar territories. But from the 14th century to 1918, the Slovenes lived under the rule of the Habsburg dynasty.
After World War I, the Slovenes joined the Slavs to form the state of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, and eventually the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under King Peter I of Serbia, which was renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. When Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis Powers in April 1941, Slovenia was divided into Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany and Horthy’s Hungary until it became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1945. It was the time when the communist dictatorship was established and political opponents and non-communist armed groups were either imprisoned or executed and buried in mass graves. The Socialist Republic of Slovenia emerged prosperous, becoming Yugoslavia’s “unique version” of communism in the region.
But into the end of the Cold War, communism began to weaken with the rise of nationalism and with the League of Communists losing its ideological dominance. By March 1989, the crisis in Yugoslavia deepened, leading to the decline of the Yugoslavian rule in Slovenia. In December 1990, a plebiscite had Slovenia voting 88% for independence. In June 1991 Slovenia declared its independence and, with Croatia, recognized each other as independent states. A 10-day war staged by the Yugoslav People’s Army against the Slovenes in July 1991 led to the death of numerous communist soldiers and to the final defeat of communism in the country.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The official and national language of Slovenia is Slovene, which is spoken by a large majority of the population. It is also known, in English, as Slovenian. Two minority languages, namely Hungarian and Italian, are recognized as co-official languages and accordingly protected in their residential municipalities.
Important Types of Commerce in Slovenia
Chief Slovene industries produce electrical equipment, electronics, trucks, chemicals, processed food, textiles, paper and paper products, and wood products. Ferrous metallurgy and rolling mill products, aluminum reduction and rolled products, and lead and zinc smelting are also developed.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Slovenia
Exporting products from Slovenia acts as one of the major contributions to its GDP. Success in export & international trade relies on clear communication. Culturally effective interpretation and translation are essential for building respectful, confident, and resilient business relationships. Clients exporting from Slovenia and internationally will add value to their export propositions when utilizing Slovenian language services. Misunderstanding on labeling or certifications during export & international trade can result in a loss of a shipment, particularly with perishable goods that are time-sensitive. In an industry where time is of the essence and accuracy is essential, Professional translation and interpretation can help you avoid these mistakes.
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