Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Located in central Africa, the small country of Rwanda sits at over 3,000 ft (914 m) above sea level. The central and western part of the country is dominated by a portion of the Albertine Rift Mountains that give way to forests, savannahs, plains and swamps as you move eastward.

Key Cities

Key cities in Rwanda include: Kigali, Butare, Gitarama, Ruhengeri, Gisenyi, Byumba, Cyangugu, Kibuye, and Rwamagana.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

History. By the 17th century, Tutsis had established a kingdom in present-day Rwanda where Hutus, Tutsis and Twa were living. After World War II, Rwanda continued to be administered by Belgium. In 1959, as the independence movement gathered pace, the ruling Tutsi elite formed a political party, Union Nationale Rwandaise. There are 3 main ethnic groups in the Rwandan culture namely Hutu, Tusi , Twa and these are based on perceptions of historical originals and not cultural differences. All three speak the same language, live interspersed throughout the same territory, and also practice the same religions.

Brief Country History

For centuries, Rwanda existed as a centralized monarchy under a succession of Tutsi kings from one clan, who ruled through cattle chiefs, land chiefs and military chiefs. The king was supreme but the rest of the population, Hutu, Tutsi and Twa, lived in symbiotic harmony. In 1899, Rwanda became a German colony and, in 1919, the system of indirect rule continued with Rwanda as a mandate territory of the League of Nations, under Belgium. From 1959, Tutsi were targeted, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths and sending almost two million of them into exile. The First Republic, under President Gregoire Kayibanda, and the second, under President Juvenal Habyarimana, institutionalized discrimination against Tutsi and subjected them to periods of massacres. The Rwandese Alliance for National Unity (RANU) was formed in 1979 by Rwandan refugees in exile, to mobilize against divisive politics and genocide ideology, repeated massacres, statelessness and the lack of peaceful political exchange. In 1987, RANU became the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF). On 1 October 1990, the RPF launched an armed liberation struggle that ultimately ousted the dictatorship in 1994 and ended the genocide of more than one million Tutsi and massacres of moderate Hutu who opposed the genocide against Tutsi. After Kigali fell to RPA (RPF’s armed wing) on 4 July 1994, RPF formed a Government of National Unity headed by President Pasteur Bizimungu, bringing parties that did not participate in the genocide against Tutsi together. In 2000, Parliament voted out President Pasteur Bizimungu and RPF appointed then Vice-President and Minister of Defence, Major General Paul Kagame as the President of the Republic to lead the coalition government. In 2003, President Paul Kagame was elected with a landslide majority to serve a term of seven years. During those seven years, the country made unprecedented socio-economic and political progress and consolidated peace, stability as well as social cohesion among Rwandans. In 2010, President Paul Kagame was re-elected to serve a second term and on a platform of rapid development for the transformation of the lives of all Rwandan.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

Kinyarwanda is the national language of Rwanda and the first language of almost the entire population of the country. It is one of the country’s official languages alongside French, English, and Swahili. Rwandan Sign Language is used by the educated deaf population.

Important Types of Commerce in Rwanda

Rwanda is an African nation with a rapidly growing economy. Towards the end of the 20th century, the Rwandese economy suffered significantly as a result of the genocide that rocked the country. Before the genocide, the Rwandese economy experienced significant growth, and after the genocide, the government put in place several policies to ensure that the country was on the path to economic growth once again. The policies of the Rwandese government ensured that the country’s limited natural resources were adequately utilized to grow the country’s economy. The Rwandese economy is reliant on several industries such as agriculture, tourism, and cement manufacturing among others.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Rwanda

Doing business in Rwanda needs perfect communication with clients and partners in the French language. There is no other official language as progressive and as spoken in the French Republic as the French language. In order for foreign companies to establish there or to settle down for business, there is a requirement for translations to be carried out in French because without the translation of the documents or marketing materials you will be missing out on those that only speak French. Professional translation companies often have the ability to guarantee fairly quick returns without compromising the quality of work.

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