North Macedonia

North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in September 1991 under the name Republic of Macedonia. North Macedonia is a landlocked country that is geographically clearly defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar river and framed along its borders by mountain ranges. The terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar Mountains and Osogovo, which frame the valley of the Vardar river.

Key Cities

Key cities in North Macedonia include: Skopje, Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Veles, Stip, Ohrid, Gostivar, Strumica.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

The Republic of Macedonia—a small country on the Balkan Peninsula northwest of Greece—formed in 1991 after declaring independence from Yugoslavia. Macedonians and Greeks have since sparred over who gets to claim the history of ancient Macedonia as its own. The popular culture of North Macedonia is a fascinating blend of local tradition and imported influence. Folk music and folk dancing are still popular, and rock and pop music are ubiquitous. Icon painting and wood carving both have long histories in North Macedonia. In 2011, through a survey carried out by Ipsos MORI, the religious composition of North Macedonia was found to be 70.7% Christian, divided in 69.6% Eastern Orthodox and 0.4% Catholics and Protestants, and 28.6% Muslim, with unaffiliated Muslims making up the 25.6%.

Brief Country History

At this period the area divided from the Jireček Line was populated from people of Thraco-Roman or Illyro-Roman origins, as well from Hellenized citizens of the Byzantine Empire and Byzantine Greeks. The ancient languages of the local Thraco-Illyrian people had already gone extinct before the arrival of the Slavs, and their cultural influence was highly reduced due to the repeated barbaric invasions on the Balkans during the early Middle Ages, accompanied by persistent Hellenization, romanization and later slavicisation. South Slavic tribes settled in the territory of present-day North Macedonia in the 6th century. The Slavic settlements were referred to by Byzantine Greek historians as “Sklavines”. The Sklavines participated in several assaults against the Byzantine Empire – alone or aided by Bulgars or Avars. Around 680 AD the Bulgar group, led by khan Kuber (who belonged to the same clan as the Danubian Bulgarian khan Asparukh), settled in the Pelagonian plain and launched campaigns to the region of Thessaloniki.

In the late 7th century Justinian II organized massive expeditions against the Sklaviniai of the Greek peninsula, in which he reportedly captured over 110,000 Slavs and transferred them to Cappadocia. By the time of Constans II (who also organized campaigns against the Slavs), the significant number of the Slavs of Macedonia were captured and transferred to central Asia Minor where they were forced to recognize the authority of the Byzantine emperor and serve in its ranks.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

The two main & official languages of North Macedonia are Macedonian and Albanian. Apart from Macedonian and Albanian, North Macedonia officially recognizes five national minority languages: Turkish, Romani, Serbian, Bosnian, and Aromanian. The Macedonian Sign Language is the country’s official sign language.

Important Types of Commerce in North Macedonia

Economic activities of Macedonia the manufacturing or industrial sector accounts for more than 28% of GDP and engages over 30% of the total occupied labor force. Textiles, iron and steel, power generation, cement, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals are the important manufacturing industries of Macedonia.

Language Services US and others will provide working with North Macedonia

Professional Macedonian and Albanian translation as well as interpreting is very essential when doing business with North Macedonia. No matter what the topic of discussion but when doing business with other counties it is required to localize the content according to the language and culture of the target country as it will help to make things easier when expanding a business. A translation is more than transferring words from one language to another, otherwise, you’d just be using Google translate. Linguists need to understand slang, lingo, terminology, culture, and attitudes of the specific region where the language is spoken.

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