Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

The island’s main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by coastal mountains. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil (Irish: Corrán Tuathail), which is 1,041 meters (3,415 ft) above sea level. The western coastline is rugged, with many islands, peninsulas, headlands and bays.

Key Cities

Key cities in Ireland include Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Swords, Waterford, Drogheda, Dundalk, Bray, and Navan.

Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

Ireland’s first inhabitants landed between 8000 BC and 7000 BC. Around 1200 BC, the Celts came to Ireland and their arrival has had a lasting impact on Ireland’s culture today. The Celts spoke Q-Celtic and over the centuries, mixing with the earlier Irish inhabitants, this evolved into Irish Gaelic.

The culture of Ireland includes language, literature, music, art, folklore, cuisine, and sport associated with Ireland and the Irish people. For most of its recorded history, Irish culture has been primarily Gaelic (see Gaelic Ireland). It has also been influenced by Anglo-Norman, English, and Scottish culture.

The predominant religion in the Republic of Ireland is Christianity, with the largest church being the Roman Catholic Church. The Irish constitution says that the state may not endorse any particular religion and guarantees freedom of religion.

Brief Country History

The first humans arrived in Ireland between 7,000 and 6,000 BC after the end of the last ice age. The first Irish people lived by farming, fishing, and gathering food such as plants and shellfish. The Stone Age hunters tended to live on the seashore or on the banks of rivers and lakes where food was plentiful. They hunted animals like deer and wild boar. They also hunted birds and they hunted seals with harpoons.

About 4,000 BC farming was introduced to Ireland. The Stone Age farmers kept sheep, pigs, and cattle and raised crops. They probably lived in huts with wooden frames covered with turfs and thatched with rushes. The farmers made tools of stone, bone, and antler. They also made pottery. For centuries the farmers and the hunters co-existed but the old hunter-gatherer lifestyle gradually died out.

The stone age farmers were the first people to significantly affect the environment of Ireland as they cleared areas of forest for farming. They were also the first people to leave monuments in the form of burial mounds known as court cairns. The Stone Age farmers sometimes cremated their dead then buried the remains in stone galleries covered in earth.

They also created burial places called dolmens, which consist of massive vertical stones with horizontal stones on top, and passage graves which have a central passage lined and roofed with stones with burial chambers leading off it. The passage graves were covered with mounds of earth.

About 2,000 BC bronze was introduced into Ireland and was used for making tools and weapons. The bronze Age people also erected stone circles in Ireland. They also built crannogs or lake dwellings, which were easy to defend.

Then about 500 BC the Celts arrived in Ireland. They brought iron tools and weapons with them. The Celts were a warlike people. (According to Roman writers they were passionately fond of fighting) and they built stone forts across Ireland. At that time Ireland was divided into many small kingdoms and warfare between them was frequent. Fighting often took place in chariots.

The priests of the Celts were called Druids and they practiced polytheism (worship of many gods). At the top of Celtic society were the kings and aristocrats. Below them were the freemen who were farmers. They could be well off or could be very poor. At the bottom were slaves. Divorce and remarriage were by no means unusual in Celtic society and polygamy was common among the rich.

In 2015 the people of Ireland voted in a referendum to allow same-sex marriage. In 2018 they voted in a referendum to reform the law on abortion. Also, in 2018 the Irish people voted in a referendum to end a ban on blasphemy.

In the early 21st century the Irish economy grew rapidly. In 1999 Ireland joined the Euro. However, in 2008 Ireland entered a recession. Unemployment in Ireland rose to 13.2% in the autumn of 2010. However, Ireland began to recover in 2011. By March 2017 unemployment in fell to 6.4%. Today the Irish economy is growing steadily. Today the population of Ireland is 4.9 million.

 Language (s) Written & Spoken

The two principal languages of Ireland are English and Irish. Irish is considered the official and national language of the Republic of Ireland; Northern Ireland has no official language. However, English has been the dominant spoken language in both political areas since the end of the 19th century.

Important Types of Commerce in Ireland

The main merchandise goods include organic chemicals, medical and pharmaceutical products and computers. The main service industries are pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing and medical devices computers and contribute to 29% of GDP.

Language Services US and others will provide working with Ireland

Irish is the official language of Ireland even though English is used in political settings. International and domestic businesses in the past have required a wide range of professional translation services and interpreting services to target the whole of Ireland. Irish linguistic experts are knowledgeable about virtually every business sector such as Legal, Automobile, Tech, Medical, Banking and Government. The professional language service provider offers a range of services in Ireland such as Legal Translations, Website Localization, Immigration Document Translations, Interpretation.

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