Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Its capital, Budapest, is bisected by the Danube River. Its cityscape is studded with architectural landmarks from Buda’s medieval Castle Hill and grand neoclassical buildings along Pest’s Andrássy Avenue to the 19th-century Chain Bridge. Turkish and Roman influence on Hungarian culture includes the popularity of mineral spas, including at thermal Lake Hévíz.
Hungary is a landlocked country in East-Central Europe with a land area of 93,030 square km. It measures about 250 km from north to south and 524 km from east to west.
Key cities in Hungary include: Budapest, Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Gyor, Nyiregyhaza, and Kecskemet.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
It is generally believed that Hungary came into existence when the Magyars, a Finno-Ugric people, began occupying the middle basin of the Danube River in the late 9th century. In either case, in antiquity parts of Hungary’s territory had formed the ancient Roman provinces of Pannonia and Dacia.
Culture. The rich culture of Hungary is strong in folk traditions and has its own distinctive style, influenced by the various ethnic groups including the Roma people. Music of all kinds, from classical to folk, is an important part of everyday life, as is the country’s rich literary heritage.
Brief Country History
During the last ice age humans in Hungary lived by hunting mammoths and reindeer with stone weapons. When the ice age ended, they hunted smaller animals. However, about 5,000 BC farming was introduced into Hungary although the farmers still used stone tools. Then about 2,000 BC, they learned to use bronze. About 800 BC people in Hungary learned to make iron tools and weapons. After 500 BC they traded with the Greeks. They also learned to use the potter’s wheel.
Then, about the time of Christ the Romans conquered what is now Hungary. They reached the Danube in 11 BC and in 9 AD they crushed a rebellion by a native people called the Pannons. The Romans then created a province they called Pannonia.
In time Pannonia became fully integrated into the Roman Empire and the Romans founded a number of towns. They included Pecs, Szombathely, Sopron, and Buda. In the early 2nd century the Romans also conquered the east of Hungary, which they called Dacia. However, in the 3rd century, the Roman Empire declined. Dacia was abandoned in 271 AD. From the end of the 4th century, the Romans withdrew from Pannonia and it was overrun by Germanic peoples.
In the 6th century an Asiatic people called the Avars conquered Hungary. They ruled the region until the end of the 8th century. At that time Charlemagne, the leader of the Franks, in what is now France, conquered central Europe, including Hungary. He forced the Avars to accept Christianity.
In the very early years of the 21st century the Hungarian economy was still growing strongly although it slowed dramatically from 2007. In 2004 Hungary joined the EU.
Hungary suffered during the recession of 2009. However, Hungary soon recovered and today its economy is growing steadily. Today Hungary is a prosperous country. The population of Hungary is 9.8 million.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Hungarian: The only official language of the country, unrelated to any of the neighbouring languages. It is the first language of some 98.9% of the total population. – German: spoken by the German minority, especially in and around Mecsek Mountains, but also in other parts of the country.
Hungarian belongs to the Ugric branch of Finno-Ugric, along with the Ob-Ugric languages, Mansi and Khanty, spoken in western Siberia. The language has been written in a modified Latin alphabet since the 13th century ad, and its orthography was stabilized from the 16th century with the introduction of printing.
Important Types of Commerce in Hungary
Although Hungary is only the 108th most extensive country in the world, with an area of 35,920 square miles, it has one of the largest economies (57th largest) according to the IMF. It is a country in Central Europe with a population of approximately 10 million people and a member of the European Union. The capital, Budapest, is the largest city and the political and economic center. Other major cities include Pecs, Miskolc, Debrecen, Gyor, and Szeged. The country has seen the emergence and growth of several sectors including agriculture, transport, health care, industries, and service sectors. These sectors are key to the present and future growth of the country.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Hungary
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