Guinea is a country in West Africa, bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. It’s known for the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, in the southeast. The reserve protects a forested mountain range rich in native plants and animals, including chimpanzees and the viviparous toad. On the coast, the capital city, Conakry, is home to the modern Grand Mosque and the National Museum, with its regional artifacts.
Terrain. Its terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. The country’s lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m), and the highest is Mont Nimba (1,752 m). This is a list of the extreme points of Guinea, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
Key cities in Guinea include: Conakry, Nzerekore, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kindia, Kamsar, Kissidougou, Macenta, Mamou, and Boke.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The modern state of Guinea did not come into existence until 1958, but the history of the area stretches back well before European colonization. Its current boundaries were determined during the colonial period by the Berlin Conference (1884–1885) and the French, who ruled Guinea until 1958.
The nation has a unique multilayered culture that has been shaped over time by a wide range of ethnic groups, which have their own beliefs and ways of life. In addition to the Indigenous ethnic groups, the French-influenced the culture heavily during colonial times. Guinea obtained its independence on October 2, 1958.
Brief Country History
The Susu migrated from the north and began settling in the area that is now Guinea in the beginning of 900. Its civilization reached its height in the 13th century. The Susu makes up about 20% of Guinea’s population today. The Fulani Empire dominated the country of Guinea from the 16th to 19th century. In 1849, the French claimed it as a protectorate. The country was first called Rivieres du Sud, the protectorate was rechristened French Guinea; in 1895, it became part of French West Africa.
The country of Guinea achieved independence on October 2, 1958, and became an independent state with Sekou Toure as the president. Under Toure, the country was the first truly Marxist state in Africa. Diplomatic relations with France were suspended in 1965, with the Soviet Union replacing France as the country’s chief source of economic and technical assistance.
When the exploitation of bauxite deposits starts in 1960, prosperity came into the country. Before the death of Toure in March 1984, he was re-elected to a 7-year term in 1974 and again in 1981 after 26 years of residency in the country. A week later, a military regime headed by Col. Lansana Conte took power.
In 1989, President Conte announced that Guinea would move to multiparty democracy, and in 1991, voters approved a new constitution. The president’s Unity and Progress Party took almost 51% of the vote in the election of December 1993. In 2001, a government referendum was passed that eliminated presidential term limits, thus allowing Conte to run for a third term in 2003. Despite the trappings of multiparty rule, Conte has ruled the country with an iron fist. For 24 years, Conte ruled the country which was criticized as corrupt. Anti-government demonstrators took to streets in January and February 2007, demanding the president to step down. The president agreed after declaring martial law. He put Lansana Kouyate as prime minister. Kouyate was then replaced in May 2008 by Ahmed Tidiane Souare.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
More than 40 languages are spoken across the country. A legacy of the French rule in Guinea, French is now the official language of Guinea. A number of indigenous languages enjoy the status of national languages in the country. These include the Malinké, Kissi, Toma, Fula, and Kpelle.
Important Types of Commerce in Guinea
Guinea is richly endowed with minerals, possessing an estimated quarter of the world’s proven reserves of bauxite, more than 1.8 billion metric tons (2.0 billion short tons) of high-grade iron ore, significant diamond and gold deposits, and undetermined quantities of uranium.
Guinea also has considerable potential for growth in the agricultural and fishing sectors. Land, water, and climatic conditions provide opportunities for large-scale irrigated farming and agroindustry. Remittances from Guineans living and working abroad and coffee exports account for the rest of Guinea’s foreign exchange.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Guinea
The country is multilingual with over 40 languages spoken. With this language diversity in the country, the services of a professional translation and interpretation company is frequently needed. French as the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration. For a company to tap into Guinea it is required to tie up with professional language translation services covering all languages spoken in Guinea.
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