Chile

Chile is a long, narrow country stretching along South America’s western edge, with more than 6,000km of Pacific Ocean coastline. Santiago, its capital, sits in a valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean Coast Range mountains. The city’s palm-lined Plaza de Armas contains the neoclassical cathedral and the National History Museum. The massive Parque Metropolitano offers swimming pools, a botanical garden, and zoo.

Chile occupies a long strip of land in the southwest of the South American continent. The country is shaped like a long and narrow ribbon and is the longest country in the planet; its coastline along the Pacific Ocean stretches for 4,300 km or 2,700 m.  Chile’s total surface is 756,950 sq km or 292,183 sq m (excluding claims on Antarctica) its territory is twice as big as Japan or Germany. Chile borders Peru in the north, Bolivia in the northeast, Argentina in the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west and south sides.

Key Cities

Key cities in Chile include: Santiago, Valparaiso, Concepcion, Puente, Alto, Maipu, La Serena, Antofagasta, La Florida, Vina del Mar.

 Historical, Cultural facts & Religion

History of Chile. The territory of Chile has been populated since at least 3000 BC. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory was a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from Spain.

The majority of Chileans are Roman Catholics (55-60% depending on the study), and around 15% are Cristian Protestants, making it one of the nations in Latin America with the greatest Protestant influence.

 Brief Country History

Pre-Columbian Chile was peopled by a variety of ancient cultures; Incas in the north and the nomadic Araucanos in the south. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, founded its capital city, Santiago. Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818 under Bernardo O’Higgins and José de San Martin. O’Higgins laid the foundations of the modern state with a two-party system and a centralized government.

The dictator, Diego Portales, fought a war with Peru in 1836–1839 that expanded Chilean territory. Pedro Montt led a revolt that overthrew José Balmaceda in 1891 and established a parliamentary dictatorship lasting until a new constitution was adopted in 1925. In 1970, Salvador Allende became the first president in a non-Communist country freely elected on a Marxist program. Allende established relations with Cuba and China. In September 1973, Allende was overthrown and killed in a military coup headed by Augusto Pinochet, ending a 46-year era of constitutional government in Chile. Pinochet’s dictatorship led to the imprisonment, torture, and execution of thousands of Chileans. In 1989, Pinochet lost a plebiscite on whether he should remain in power. He stepped down in January 1990 in favor of Patricio Aylwin. In Dec. 1993, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, the candidate of a center-left coalition was elected president. Ricardo Lagos became president in March 2000, the first Socialist to run the country. In 2006 presidential elections, Socialist Michelle Bachelet won 53% of the vote, becoming Chile’s first female chief of state. She promised to continue Chile’s successful economic policies while increasing social spending.

Language (s) Written & Spoken

The official language of the Republic of Chile is Spanish (Castellano) that is spoken by the whole population. Also, in existence are indigenous communities that still utilize their languages and dialects like the Mapudungún (in the south) the Aymará (in the Andes Region in the north) and the Rapanui (of Easter Island).

Most materials used in Chilean research are written in Spanish. However, many other languages are spoken in Chile because of some European immigrants.

 Important Types of Commerce in Chile

World Bank categorizes Chile as a high-income country. Aside from being the most prosperous country in South America, its economy is also the most stable. Chile ranks among top countries in several metrics such as per capita income, economic freedom, competitiveness, and low levels of corruption. The country was Latin America’s leader in per capita income on nominal GDP as of 2010 and became the first nation in South America to become a member of OECD. Between 2009 and 2010, Chile was world’s 30th most competitive nation according to the global competitiveness report. It was the leading in the whole of Latin America which was higher than the neighboring countries like Brazil which was the 56th, Mexico which was the 60th, and Argentina which was the 85th. The World Bank also ranked Chile in position 34 in the world in the ease of doing business. Some of the largest industries in Chile include the following.

  • Agriculture
  • Mining Industry
  • Service Industry
  • Finance Industry
  • Tourism Industry

Language Services US and others will provide working with Chile

Whether in Chile for a conference, an exhibition or another business event professional language service is a must-have for ensuring smooth and well-informed business communications. Language services providers is required to ensure access to well-translated documents as well as high-quality interpretations. Whether you require simultaneous interpretation services for an international summit at a Convention Center or plan to wine and dine special prospects and clients at the gorgeous Ritz-Carlton, a language service provider will ensure all your materials are organized and that your presentations, speeches, and demos move forward without a hitch.

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