Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers, making it the world’s second-largest country by total area.
Canada has a varied landscape, with majestic mountains, rolling plains, forested valleys, and beautiful blue rivers and lakes. The Canadian Shield, a hilly region of lakes and swamps, stretches across northern Canada and has some of the oldest rocks on Earth. In Canada’s far north lies the frozen Arctic.
Key cities in Canada include Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa-Gatineau, Winnipeg, Quebec City, Hamilton, London, Ontario, Victoria, British Columbia.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The history of Canada covers the period from the arrival of Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago to the present day. … In 1867, the Province of Canada was joined with two other British colonies of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia through Confederation, forming a self-governing entity named Canada.
Canada is similar to the United States in that it is a melting pot of different cultures and religions. Canada is a country without an official religion. Although about seventy-five percent of Canadian citizens claim to be practitioners of Christianity, religious pluralism is a valued part of Canada’s culture.
Brief Country History
The first people in Canada crossed the Bering Straits from Asia. In the north, the Inuit lived by hunting seals, walruses, and whales. They also hunted caribou. On the west coast, people hunted deer, bear, and beaver. They also fished. On the plains, people lived by hunting buffalo. In the east, people grew crops of beans, squash, maize and sunflower seeds.
The first Europeans to reach Canada were the Vikings. In 986 a Viking called Bjarni Herjolfsson was blown off course by a storm and he spotted a new land. However, he sailed away without landing. In 1001 a man named Leif Eriksson landed in the new land, which he named Vinland (it was part of Canada). However, Eriksson did not stay permanently. Later the Vikings did establish a colony in North America but they abandoned it because of conflict with the natives.
However, after the Vikings Canada was forgotten until the end of the 15th century. In 1497 the English king Henry VII sent an Italian named Jean Cabot on an expedition across the Atlantic to Newfoundland. Cabot discovered rich fishing waters off the coast of Canada.
Then in 1534 and in 1535-36 a Frenchman named Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) sailed on two expeditions to Canada. On 10 August 1535 (St Lawrence’s Day) he sailed into the St Lawrence River, which he named after the saint.
More than 60,000 Canadian men died in the First World War. Meanwhile, Manitoba was the first province of Canada to allow women to vote in provincial elections in 1916. Women in Canada were given the right to vote in federal elections in 1918. By 1925 all provinces except Quebec had granted women the right to vote in provincial elections. Quebec finally gave women that right in 1940.
The 1920s were, in general, prosperous years for Canada. However, like the rest of the world, Canada suffered in the depression of the 1930s. Canada suffered from a huge drop in exports of timber, grain, and fish. By 1933 unemployment had soared to 23%. The government introduced relief works but economic hardship continued throughout the 1930s. The depression only ended when the Second World War began in 1939. However, during World War II 45,000 Canadians were killed.
In the late 20th century the population of Canada grew rapidly. In 1951 it was 16 million. By 1961 it had risen to 18 million. After 1945 people from Southern and Eastern Europe flocked to live in Canada. From the 1960s many immigrants came from South Asia.
Meanwhile, during the 1950s and 1960s, the Canadian economy boomed and Canada became an affluent society. Meanwhile, television began in Canada in 1952. However, things turned sour in the 1970s. In the early 1980s, Canada suffered a deep recession and unemployment rose to 11%. There was another recession in the early 1990s. Yet Canada recovered.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Official Languages in Canada Canada has two official languages at the federal level of government: English and French. [In the 2011 Census, about 17.5 percent, or 5.8 million, reported that they were bilingual in English and French, in that they could conduct a conversation in both English and French
Important Types of Commerce in Canada
Canada has one of the world’s most stable economies, ranking 10th globally regarding GDP size. Similar to other developed countries, the service industry is a significant driver in Canada’s economy. However, the economy is unique compared to other developed countries because of the importance placed on the primary sector which includes activities such as logging, fishing, and mining. The manufacturing industry is also highly developed, ranking among the global leaders in the manufacture of various products including aircraft, automobiles, and software development. Mining and exploitation of natural resources is also a significant contributor to the GDP with a value estimated at $33.2 trillion in 2016. Canada is reputed as an energy powerhouse due to its abundance of natural resources coupled with its relatively small population. Some important industries in Canada include:
Language Services US and others will provide working with Canada
Individuals, businesses, and organizations all when doing business with Canada have a need for English to French translation services or the other way around to reach the widest audience. French-Canadian translators have done many transcription and translations on business proposals and contracts, medical papers, country sightseeing, and other various subjects. Furthermore, many French-Canadian speakers in America need to translate birth certificates and transcripts from French-Canadian into English. Court trials also require certified translations. Language services make communication in our small world more affordable and convenient between the English and French languages with the nations and cultures that use them.
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