Jordan, an Arab nation on the east bank of the Jordan River, is defined by ancient monuments, nature reserves and seaside resorts. It’s home to the famed archaeological site of Petra, the Nabatean capital dating to around 300 B.C. Set in a narrow valley with tombs, temples and monuments carved into the surrounding pink sandstone cliffs, Petra earns its nickname, the “Rose City.”
Jordan is generally a flat desert plateau, east and west, as the western edges of the Syrian and Ard As Sawwan deserts stretch across the land. In the west, the Great Rift Valley (high hills and mountains) separates the East and West Banks of the Jordan River. Significant bordering bodies of water include the Dead Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sea of Galilee.
Key cities in Jordan include Amman, Zarqa, Irbid, Russeifa, Al-Quwaysimah, Wadi as-Ser, Tila al-Ali, Aqaba, as-Salt, and Ar-Ramtha.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The History of Jordan refers to the history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the background period of the Emirate of Transjordan under British protectorate as well as the general history of the region of Transjordan. There is evidence of human activity in Transjordan as early as the Paleolithic period.
The culture of Jordan is based in Arabic and Islamic elements with significant Western influence. Jordan stands at the intersection of the three continents of the ancient world, lending it geographic and population diversity.
A majority of Jordanians are Muslim, about 92% are Sunni Muslim, and 1% are Shia or Sufi. Cities in the south of Jordan, have the highest percentage of Muslims. Christians, living mostly in Amman or the Jordan Valley, make up 6% of the total, with 1% representing other religions.
Brief Country History
The emergence of Jordan as a nation started when Nabataeans built Petra as the capital of the ancient Arab kingdom between the period 400 B.C.E. and 160 C.E. Mount Nebo which was located in western Jordan was believed by people as the Promised Land prophesied by Moses. Four hundred years of rule of the Ottoman Empire collapsed and Britain sought the event to divide the Crescent Land which later on gave birth to modern Jordan.
Among the many Arab countries, Jordan is the only one that allows Palestinians to become citizens. However, there is still a clear differentiation in society among its people: Bedouins, Palestinians, and Jordanians. To determine one’s national identity, each is defined. Jordanians are known as the residents who have lived in the eastern part of the Jordan River prior to 1948. Palestinians are classified as the residents whose birthright can be traced back to the western part of the Jordan River while the Bedouins are regarded as the purest Arab residents.
The Bedouins have managed to live in the most traditional way for centuries coping with the reality that they were living in deserts where there was a limited source of vegetation and water. They became nomads who were not really concerned about crossing borders. However, their political influence eventually diminished even though they possessed key positions. The rise of Jordanians can be linked to their being hardworking and they put great emphasis on education. It will be no longer when Jordan turned into a richer and global economy as they start to play important roles in the modern Arab world.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Jordan officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the Official languages, Arabic. They spoke Semitic languages of the Canaanite group, and are
considered to be tribal kingdoms rather than states.
Important Types of Commerce in Jordan
The two most important sectors in Jordan’s development are industry and construction. Jordan’s industrial sector relies heavily on clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, and tourism
Language Services US and others will provide working with Jordan
Brochure, website, pamphlet, business card, and important business literature with Arabic translation will impress a Jordanian business person. Certified translation creates a legally binding record recognized by Jordan directories, ministries, officials, courts and academic universities and institutions. All documents should also be translated into Arabic to be considered by the ministry of foreign affairs in the company’s country of origin, and the Jordanian ministry of foreign affairs.
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