Yixing is a county-level city with a population of 1.24 million administrated under the prefecture-level city of Wuxi in southern Jiangsu province, People’s Republic of China, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. The city is known for its traditional Yixing clayware teapots. Yixing is on the Yangtze River Delta and near a big lake called Lake Taihu. It is in the southern part of Jiangsu Province. It borders Suzhou, Ningbo and Hangzhou. It is located at the juncture of the three provinces of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The history of Yixing as a pottery town dates back to the Neolithic ages, but written records of its crafts didn’t appear until the late Yuan and mid-Ming periods, around the 13th century. Zisha teapots took off in the Ming Dynasty when rolled tea leaves replace crushed leaves, and teapots became requisite for steeping. There were mainly two traditional religions – Buddhism and Daoism. During the reign of Emperor Taizong, a famous Buddhist Monk named Xuan Zang went to seek the Buddhist Sutra in India.
Brief City History
For centuries, the Yixing (say: E-Shing) teapot has enjoyed the reputation among Chinese tea drinkers as being, in the words of one writer, “a superior vessel for tea drinking.” In fact, scientific studies have been conducted in an effort to pinpoint those objective characteristics that have won Yixing ware such praise. But what of the history behind these teapots. The Yixing teapot was the first pot designed specifically for brewing tea. Prior to about 1500 CE, the Chinese preferred a powdered tea mixture whisked in a tea bowl. These first Yixing teapots (also spelled Ixing, I-hsing or Yi-Hsing) originated in the Jiangsu (or Kiangsi) province about 100 miles west of Shanghai. Initially, the Chinese Imperial Court preferred the more ornate, glazed tea vessels. Yixing became instead the favorite of the “literati” or class of Chinese intellectuals for their simplicity and naturalism in both material and form. European artisans also imitated the earthenware Yixing pots, inspiring such well-known British ceramic enterprises known today as Wedgwood. History tells us, however, that the British were not terribly successful in their attempts to copy Yixing, and continued to import much of their ceramic teaware from China. Yixing teapots, renowned for their quaint charm and unique tea brewing qualities, have enjoyed a remarkable resurgence of artistry and popularity in the last few years. Yixing, near Shanghai, has a long history as the “Pottery Capital” of China. It was here during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) that the world’s first teapots were created. During the years that followed, the distinctive reddish stoneware teapots of Yixing came to be considered the “best vessel for brewing tea” by Chinese tea aficionados. In the late 17th century Yixing teapots were introduced to Europe along with the first tea shipments and provided the models for the earliest Dutch, German and English teapots.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Standard Chinese, known in China as Putonghua, based on the Mandarin dialect of Beijing, is the official national spoken language for the mainland and serves as a lingua franca within the Mandarin-speaking regions (and, to a lesser extent, across the other regions of mainland China).
Important Types of Commerce in Yixing
Major industries include mining and ore processing; iron and steel; aluminum; coal; machinery; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemical; fertilizers; food processing; automobiles and other transportation equipment including rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft;
Language Services US and others will provide working with Yixing
The rising Chinese economy requires impeccable interpreting and translation language services. Companies, NGOs, political organizations and international firms must seek Chinese interpreters and translators. While Mandarin Chinese is considered the star of Chinese business languages, odds are any dealings with Chinese business professionals require the use of both Cantonese and Taiwanese as well. A language services firm must be able to accommodate all three dialects or there is no guarantee your message will be accurately conveyed. A language solutions team, be they are interpreters and/or professional translators – should have a sound working knowledge of both forms (written and spoken) so they have the flexibility and knowledge to work in all major forms of Chinese.
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