West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is an inland and in relative terms upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in moors of the Pennines and has a population of 2.2 million. West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is an inland and in relative terms upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in moors of the Pennines and has a population of 2.2 million. area of 2,029 square kilometers (783 sq. mi), continues to exist in law, and as a geographic frame of reference.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
West Yorkshire was formed as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, and corresponds roughly to the core of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire and the county boroughs of Bradford, Dewsbury, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds, and Wakefield. The culture of Yorkshire has developed over the county’s history, influenced by the cultures of those who came to control the region, including the Celts (Brigantes and Parisii), Romans, Angles, Vikings and Normans. We’ve got links to churches, mosques, temples, and synagogues across West Yorkshire. If we haven’t got your link, e-mail us and tell us about it. All links are in alphabetical order. Christianity is the world’s most popular religion followed by Islam.
Brief City History
In 7,000 BC Yorkshire would look quite different to what it does today. In those days it was covered in thick forest. At that time the first humans arrived. They were stone age hunters and gatherers. They hunted the abundant wildlife in Yorkshire such as deer and boar. Then in 3,000 BC, Stone Age farmers arrived. They began the long process of cutting down the forests to make way for farming. In about 1,800 BC they were followed by farmers who made bronze tools and weapons. The Bronze Age farmers were in turn replaced by the Celts. The Celts arrived in Yorkshire after 500 BC. They brought iron tools and weapons. Most of Yorkshire was occupied by a tribe called the Brigantes, who had their capital at Aldborough but parts of Eastern Yorkshire were occupied by a tribe called the Parisii. However, the written history of Yorkshire begins about 71 AD when the Romans arrived. The Romans invaded Southeast England in 43 AD and they conquered England in stages. In 71 AD they invaded Eastern Yorkshire and built forts, including ones at Doncaster and York. At first, the Romans built forts in Yorkshire but by the 2nd century, three towns had been created. One grew up at York by the site of a 1st-century fort. There was also an important Roman town at Aldborough (on the site of the old Brigantine capital) and another at Brough on Humber. The Romans mined lead in Yorkshire (The Romans used to lead a great deal). Nevertheless, Roman civilization was, skin deep. The most ‘Romanized’ area was the East Riding. However for most ordinary people in Yorkshire Roman rule probably made little difference. At any rate, by the 4th century AD, Roman civilization was in decline. The last Roman soldiers left Britain in 407 AD. Afterward, the Roman towns were abandoned and the Roman way of life disappeared from Yorkshire. In 1066 Harald Hardrada, the king of Norway invaded England. His army sailed along the Humber and the Ouse. However, after they landed they were utterly defeated by the English at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. Shortly afterward William Duke of Normandy won the battle of Hastings and was crowned king of England. In 1086 the people of Yorkshire rose in rebellion. William marched to York and built a fort there. However, when he left the area in 1069 the North rose in rebellion again. This time William took drastic action. His men burned all the stores of food and the crops in the fields. They also slaughtered domestic animals and destroyed farm tools. This ‘scorched earth’ policy was called the Harrying of the North. As a result of it many people in Yorkshire starved to death.
Yet Yorkshire eventually recovered. In the 12th and 13th centuries, Yorkshire prospered and many new towns were founded. These included Barnsley, Doncaster, Hull, Leeds, Northallerton, Pontefract, (its name comes from the Latin words Pontus fractus, meaning broken bridge), Richmond, Scarborough and Sheffield. Meanwhile, many monasteries were founded in Yorkshire. These included Bolton Priory (a priory was a small abbey), Bridlington Priory and Pontefract Priory. The population of Yorkshire rose rapidly in the 19th century. The textile, steel and coal industries boomed. Towns like Leeds, Bradford, Keighley, Sheffield, and Hull mushroomed. In the mid 19th century York became a centre of the railway industry. Conditions in the new industrial towns were often appalling. They were dirty, unsanitary and overcrowded. In 1832 and 1848 there were outbreaks of cholera in the towns. However, things improved in the late 19th century. Sewers were dug and piped water supplies were created. Public parks and public libraries opened. The standards of housing also improved considerably. However, many parts of Yorkshire remained rural. Even so, they were changed by the coming of the railways. A network of them was built in the 1840s and they helped to break down the isolation of the more remote areas. Furthermore, the first seaside towns arose in the 19th century. Scarborough was one such resort.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
The majority of the people in Leeds speak English, but there are other ethnic minority languages that are also spoken which include Polish, Urdu, Punjabi.
Important Types of Commerce in West Yorkshire
Growth sectors of the Leads economy include healthcare and medical technologies, financial and business services, manufacturing, digital and creative, retail, housing and construction, social enterprise and the third sector.
Language Services US and others will provide working with West Yorkshire
Although the de facto language of West Yorkshire is English. West Yorkshire is a culturally diverse country with many different languages. Businesses in West Yorkshire need translation services in several fields including legal, government, mining, life sciences, financial, marketing, IT & technology, manufacturing, defense and corporate communications when they localize official documents, marketing collaterals, technical documentation, Websites & mobile apps, Software & web-based tools, and Video & audio.
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