Visakhapatnam is a port city and industrial centre in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, on the Bay of Bengal. It’s known for its many beaches, including Ramakrishna Beach, home to a preserved submarine at the Kursura Submarine Museum. Nearby are the elaborate Kali Temple and the Visakha Museum, an old Dutch bungalow housing local maritime and historical exhibits.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The city of Visakhapatnam has been named after Visakha, the god of valor and war. Visakha is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and is also the ruler of Mars. According to local legend, the city was named Visakhapatnam by an Andhra king between the 9th and 11th centuries. Visakhapatnam, located in the Andhra Pradesh state in India is basically an important industrial hub in the coastal region and is the state’s 2nd largest city. However, the economic development of the city did not make the locals lose their traditional character and culture. This city has got a rich cultural heritage. Hinduism is the majority religion in Visakhapatnam city with 92.32 % followers. Islam is the second most popular religion in the city of Visakhapatnam with approximately 3.85 % following it. In Visakhapatnam city, Christianity is followed by 3.07 %, Jainism by 0.11 %, Sikhism by 0.10 % and Buddhism by 0.10 %.
Brief City History
Visakhapatnam also spelled Vishakhapatnam, also called Vizag, city, and port, northeastern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. It lies on a small embayment of the Bay of Bengal, about 380 miles (610 km) northeast of Chennai in Tamil Nadu state. Visakhapatnam is a major commercial and administrative center with the road, rail, and air connections. Its port is the only protected harbor on the Coromandel Coast, and the city is the headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Visakhapatnam’s natural harbor is formed by two promontories, the southern one of which is separated from the city by a small river. Improvements to the harbor have made it capable of accommodating several large ships at a time. The city is also an important shipbuilding center; the first steamer to be built in India was launched in Visakhapatnam’s harbor in 1948. Manganese, oilseeds, and iron ore are exported at Visakhapatnam, and the city has an oil refinery, a steel plant, and industrial complexes for the production of petrochemicals, fertilizer, sugar, and jute. A medical college and medical museum are in the city. A submarine museum is at Ramakrishna Beach.
The suburb of Waltair, at the north end of the bay, is the site of Andhra University (founded 1926). The area surrounding the suburbs is dominated on the west by the well-forested Eastern Ghats and the farther east is drained by numerous rivers, among them the Godavari and the Indravati. The Visakhapatnam Special Economic Zone is a more than 500-acre (200-hectare) free-trade zone at Duvvada, about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Visakhapatnam, and is connected to the city by train. Pop. (2001) city, 982,904; urban agglom, 1,345,938; (2011) city, 1,237,963; urban agglom, 1,728,128.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Telugu is the official language but two dialects of Telugu are spoken by the people. English and Hindi are also widely spoken.
Important Types of Commerce in Visakhapatnam
Major industries from all sectors including Bharat Heavy Plates & Vessels, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd, Port Trust, Hindustan Ship Yard, Fishing Harbour, Coromandel Fertilizers, L.G. Polymers, Essar Shipping are present in Visakhapatnam.
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