Vadodara is the third-largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat, after Ahmedabad and Surat. It is the administrative headquarters of the Vadodara District and is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river, 141 kilometers from the state capital Gandhinagar. Situated in the heart of the city, this garden is spread over 113 Acres with a rich flora of 98+ trees, some very rare. It also houses a museum, planetarium, aquarium and a zoo giving shelter to 167 types of animals including the Asiatic lion.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Baroda State was a former Indian State. Vadodara’s more recent history began when the Maratha general Pilaji Gaekwad conquered Songadh from the Mughals in 1726. Before the Gaekwads captured Baroda, it was ruled by the Babi Nawabs, who were the officers of the Mughal rulers. The quintessential Vadodara Culture is a hallmark of the archetypal Gujarati lifestyle and culture. Popularly known as ‘Sanskari Nagari’, Vadodara is the cultural capital of the state of Gujarat. The cosmopolitan city boasts of a glorious past. Hinduism is the majority religion in Vadodara city with 85.39 % followers. Islam is the second most popular religion in city of Vadodara with approximately 11.40 % following it. In Vadodara city, Christianity is followed by 1.22 %, Jainism by 1.32 %, Sikhism by 0.45 % and Buddhism by 0.45 %.
Brief City History
Vadodara, also called Baroda, city, east-central Gujarat state, west-central India. It is located on the Vishvamitra River about 60 miles (100 km) southeast of Ahmadabad. The earliest record of the city is in a grant or charter of 812 CE that mentions it as Vadapadraka, a hamlet attached to the town of Ankottaka. In the 10th century Vadapadraka displaced Ankottaka as the urban centre. It seems also to have been known as Chandanavati, named for Raja Chandan of the Dor Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jainas. The city underwent periodic renaming’s: Varavati, Vatpatraka, Baroda, and, in 1971, Vadodara. The history of Vadodara falls into a Hindu period (until 1297); a period under the Muslim Delhi sultanate (1297–c. 1401); an independent Gujarat Sultanate, during which the nucleus of the present city was built (c. 1401–c. 1573); a Mughal Empire period (c. 1573–1734); and a Maratha period, during which it became the capital of the powerful Gaekwar dynasty (1734–1947). In 1802 the British established a residency in the city to conduct relations between the East India Company and the Gaekwars; later the company was also responsible for British relations with all the states of Gujarat and the Kathiawar Peninsula. The long history of Vadodara is reflected in its many palaces, gates, parks, and avenues. It houses the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (1949) and other educational and cultural institutions, including several museums. The Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery, founded by the Maharaja Gaekwar of Baroda in 1894, formally opened in 1921. The museum displays European paintings, including portraits by British painters George Romney and Sir Joshua Reynolds and by Dutch painter Sir Peter Lely. The museum also contains Hindu illustrations, sculpture, folk art, and ethnography. Among the city’s varied products are cotton textiles and homespun cloth, chemicals, matches, machinery, and furniture. Vadodara is a rail and highway junction and has an airport for domestic flights. Vadodara’s surrounding region extends from the Narmada River (south) to the Mahi River (north). It corresponds roughly to the capitalist division of the former princely state of Baroda (the Gaekwar dominions). Cash crops are cotton, tobacco, and castor beans. Wheat, pulses, corn (maize), rice, and garden crops are grown for local use and export. Pop. (2001) city, 1,306,227; urban agglom., 1,491,045; (2011) city, 1,670,806; urban agglom., 1,822,221.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
In Vadodara, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Gujarati, Urdu, Marathi, Hindi and English are the languages spoken in the city.
Important Types of Commerce in Vadodara
An important industrial, cultural and educational hub of western India, the city houses several institutions of national and regional importance while its major industries include petrochemicals, engineering, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, IT and foreign exchange services.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Vadodara
Doing business with Vadodara requires an understanding of their local language which is Gujarati, Urdu, Marathi and Hindi. An individual or business is required to have a Gujarati, Urdu, Marathi and Hindi interpreter accompanying them in Vadodara for an exhibition, business negotiations, training, conference, medical support or for an excursion to bridge the language gap. Moreover, they also require Gujarati, Urdu, Marathi and Hindi Translation services for translation of important business documents such as sales and marketing literature, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills flawlessly.
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