Tangshan is a largely industrial prefecture-level city in the northeast of Hebei province. It has become known for the 1976 Tangshan earthquake which measured 7.8 on the Richter scale, flattening much of the city and killing at least 255,000 residents according to official estimates. The earthquake’s magnitude was 7.5, but some scientists say it was as high as 8.2. This was one of the deadliest earthquakes in history: approximately 242,000 people died, and some reports put that number as high as 655,000. Another earthquake—a magnitude 7.1 aftershock—struck just 16 hours later.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
In 1878, Qiaotun town was established at Tangshan and renamed Tangshan Town in 1889. In 1938, Tangshan City was formally founded. The administrative system of Tangshan during the Republic of China Republican era continued to follow the Qing system. In 1929, Zhili Province changed its name to Hebei Province. Tangshan (Chinese; pinyin: Tángshān) is a largely industrial prefecture-level city in the northeast of Hebei province. It has become known for the 1976 Tangshan earthquake which measured 7.8 on the Richter scale, flattening much of the city and killing at least 255,000 residents according to official estimates. Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai, Tangshan, Zhejiang.
Brief City History
Tangshan, Wade-Giles romanization Tangshan, industrial city, eastern Hebei sheng (province), north-eastern China. It is situated in the north-eastern portion of the North China Plain, about 30 miles (48 km) north of the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) and 65 miles (105 km) northeast of central Tianjin metropolis. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 1,498,175; (2007 est.) urban agglom, 1,879,000.Originally, Tangshan was a small hamlet dependent upon nearby Kaiping and located in an area where many small coal pits had been worked since the 16th century. In 1876 a Cantonese promoter of Western-style industrialization proposed to the governor-general of what was then the province of Zhili that a coal industry be established there. The first shaft of the mine at Kaiping (Tangshan) was begun in 1879. The coal was taken by horse tramway to Xugezhuang (now Fengnan), 7 miles (11 km) away, whence it was carried by canal to Ninghe (Lutai) on the Jiyun River and thence shipped to a depot near Tianjin.
In 1882, despite official opposition to railway development, the tramway was turned into China’s first proper railway. The railway was extended to Ninghe in 1887 and then in 1888 to Tanggu, the outport of Tianjin. New collieries were opened at Linxi, 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Tangshan, and these too were linked by rail to Tianjin. The Kaiping Mining Company then established its own shipping line, supplying coal to the northern ports, to the Chinese northern naval fleet, and to Shanghai. In 1891–94 Tianjin was connected by rail with Shanhaiguan, on the coast to the northeast of Tangshan; the company also developed its own port facilities after 1899, with a railway link to the ice-free harbor of Qinhuangdao. The Boxer Rebellion of 1900, which led to the occupation of Tangshan by Russian troops, while Qinhuangdao was occupied by an allied force, brought a suspension of work on the port and rail link. The company, already in financial difficulties, then fell under British control. Production was resumed, and the new port and rail link was completed; by 1903 virtually all coal was exported via Qinhuangdao. Yuan Shikai, the new governor of Zhili, repeatedly but unsuccessfully attempted to gain control of the mining company. He then established a rival Chinese company, the Luanzhou Mining Company, which opened mines in the same district at Majiagou and Zhaogezhuang. Although these mines were speedily brought into production, the company was soon involved in a price war with the Kaiping company and fell into financial trouble. The outbreak of the Chinese Revolution of 1911 precipitated a financial crisis, and in 1912 the Anglo-Chinese Kailuan Mining Administration was established to resolve the conflict and to jointly control the affairs of both companies. This organization continued to operate until 1934, when the Chinese Nationalist government recognized the formation of the Kailuan Mining Corporation, formally combining both companies. Under this arrangement, British control over the whole mining operation was secured, and it was continued—even after the Japanese occupation in 1937—until the outbreak of war between Japan and the Western powers in 1941. The company reverted to British control in 1945, but in 1948 the area was taken by the Chinese communists, who expelled the British in 1952. Under China’s First Five-Year Plan (1953–57) the works were extensively modernized and extended, with some Soviet technical assistance. Tangshan was also the site of other industries, among them a large cement plant—the Jixin Works, which began operation in Tangshan in 1907.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Anhui’s population is mostly composed of Han Chinese. Languages spoken within the province include Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, and the Gan and Wu varieties of Chinese.
Important Types of Commerce in Tangshan
Tangshan is an important heavy industrial city in North China. Its output includes machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles, glass, petroleum products, and cement.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Tangshan
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