Tabriz is the capital city of East Azerbaijan Province, in north-western Iran. Tabriz Bazaar, once a major Silk Road market, is a sprawling brick-vaulted complex selling carpet, spices and jewelry. The rebuilt 15th-century Blue Mosque retains original turquoise mosaics on its entrance arch. Collections at the Azerbaijan Museum range from prehistoric finds to 20th-century sculptures by Iranian artist Ahad Hosseini. Geography. At an altitude of 1,340 meters above sea level, 619 km northwest of Tehran, it was the second-largest city in Iran until the late 1960s. It is a former capital of Persia and had a population of 1,400,000 according to the 1992 census. Tabriz is in a valley to the north of the long ridge of Mount Sahand.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Tabriz was chosen as the capital by several rulers commencing from the time of Atropates. It was the capital of the Ilkhanate (Mongol) dynasty since 1265. During the Ghazan Khan era, who came into power in 1295, the city reached its highest splendor. There are actually more ethnic Azerbaijanis living in Iran than in the Azerbaijan Republic, and Tabriz is a central hub for Azeri culture including food, art, and literature. Tabrizians are unbelievably warm and hospitable. A major part of its population are Iranian Turks (Azeri), and the main religion is Islam. Tabriz has a dry steppe climate: warm and dry in summer and cold in the wintertime.
Brief City History
Tabrīz, Persian Tauris, fourth largest city of Iran and capital of the East Āz̄arbāyjān province, lying about 4,485 feet (1,367 metres) above sea level in the extreme north-western part of the country. The climate is continental: hot and dry in summer and severely cold in winter. The city lies in a valley surrounded by hills on three sides. It is in an earthquake zone that is liable to frequent and severe shocks. The name Tabrīz is said to derive from tap-rīz (“causing heat to flow”), from the many thermal springs in the area. Also called Gazaca, Tabrīz was the capital of Atropatene, named for Atropates, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. It was rebuilt in AD 791 after being destroyed by an earthquake. Similar disasters followed in 858, 1041, 1721, 1780, and 1927. Tabrīz was made the capital of the Mongol Il-Khan Maḥmūd Ghāzān (1295–1304) and his successor. In 1392 it was taken by Timur (Tamerlane), a Turkic conqueror, and some decades later the Kara Koyunlu Turkmen made Tabrīz their capital. Under their rule, the city’s Blue Mosque was built. Tabrīz retained its administrative status under the Ṣafavid dynasty until 1548 when Shāh Ṭahmāsp I moved his capital westward to Kazvin. During the next 200 years, Tabrīz changed hands several times between Iran and Turkey. The Russians occupied it in 1826, and the Bāb, the founder of the Bābī religion, an Islamic sect and forerunner of the Bahaʿi faith, was executed here, together with thousands of his followers, in the 1850s. In 1908 Tabrīz became the center of the Nationalist movement. During World War I, Turkish and then Soviet troops temporarily occupied Tabrīz. The city was again occupied in World War II, this time by Allied troops protecting military supply routes running through Iran and into the Soviet Union. Though all parties had agreed to withdraw after the war, the Soviet Union increased its presence and helped a separatist movement establish an autonomous region in Azerbaijan, with Tabrīz as its capital. Iran and the Soviet Union reached an agreement in March 1946 that called for the withdrawal of Soviet troops in exchange for the creation of a joint-stock oil company. The city continued to play an important part in Iranian politics into the 21st century. Tabrīz has several notable ancient buildings. The Blue Mosque, or Masjed-e Kabūd (1465–66), has long been renowned for the splendour of its blue tile decoration. The citadel, or Ark, which was built before 1322 on the site of a collapsed mosque, is remarkable for its simplicity, its size, and the excellent condition of its brickwork. Also noteworthy are the remains of the 12-sided tomb of Maḥmūd Ghāzān, ruler of the Mongol dynasty in Iran.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Farsi (Persian) and ethnic languages, primarily Azari Turkish.
Important Types of Commerce in Tabriz
Tabriz is a major heavy industry hub for automobiles, machine tools, refineries, petrochemicals, textiles and cement production industries. The city is famous for its handicrafts, including hand-woven rugs and jewelry.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Tabriz
Farsi (Persian) language service is important to consider when doing business in Tabriz as it is the major language used in the country. Individuals or companies in various sector such as Legal, Machinery and technologies, Business, Finance, Medicine, Advertising, communications, PR, Transport, Computer hardware and software, Science, Agriculture, Automotive, European Union Documents, Legal, Government, Industrial, Life Science, Retail, and Technology would require to indulge in professional translation to adapt documents expertly to and from Tabriz.
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