Quito, Ecuador’s capital, sits high in the Andean foothills at an altitude of 2,850m. Constructed on the foundations of an ancient Incan city, it’s known for its well-preserved colonial centre, rich with 16th- and 17th-century churches and other structures blending European, Moorish and indigenous styles. These include the cathedral, in the Plaza Grande square, and ultra-ornate Compañia de Jesús Jesuit church.17 Interesting Quito Ecuador Facts. Quito is the highest constitutional capital in the world. Quito was the first city to be declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Quito is South of the Equator. Neighbour to Furthest Point From Earth’s Centre. The official name of Quito is San Francisco de Quito.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Quito, the capital of Ecuador, was founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city and stands at an altitude of 2,850 m. Despite the 1917 earthquake, the city has the best-preserved, least altered historic centre in Latin America. The first thing to realize about Ecuadorian culture is that it is not one single culture. Instead, it is a whole range of cultures mingled together, representing every level of this very stratified community. Ecuador’s official language is Spanish, but Quichua – an Incan language – is spoken by the Indian population. As with the rest of Ecuador, Quito is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic and as such, the Roman Catholic Church plays an important role in education, social services and even daily life.
Brief City History
The native people of Ecuador grew crops of maize, beans, potatoes and squash. They kept dogs and guinea pigs for meat. Many of them were skilled potters and metalworkers in gold, silver and copper. However, in the late 15th century they were conquered by the Incas. The Spaniards first sighted the coast of Ecuador in 1526 and they soon turned to conquest. The Spaniards conquered what is now Ecuador in 1534. The Spaniards had already conquered the Incas in what is now Peru. However, Inca resistance continued further north. Francisco Pizarro’s follower, Sebastian de Benalcazar led another army into Ecuador from the south and he gradually crushed the remaining Incas resistance in the region. In 1534 the Spaniards founded the city of Quito on the remains of a captured Inca city. Guayaquil was founded in 1535. Cuenca was founded in 1557.
However, the diseases brought by the Spaniards, especially smallpox killed many more of the native people than the soldiers. With no resistance to European diseases, the people of Ecuador were decimated. In the early 21st century poverty in Ecuador declined. Today tourism is a fast-growing industry in Ecuador.
In 2006 Rafael Correa was elected president of Ecuador. He was re-elected in 2009 and 2013. Meanwhile, in 2008 Ecuador adopted a new constitution. Today the population of Ecuador is 16 million. The economy is growing although it is still heavily dependent on the oil industry.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Spanish, the official language of Ecuador, is spoken throughout the country, although for many indigenous people it is their second language. Various dialects of Quechua are spoken in the highlands, while in Amazonía several indigenous languages are spoken, including Kichwa, Shuar and Wao.
Important Types of Commerce in QUITO, Ecuador
Ecuador’s main industries are petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products and chemicals.
Language Services US and others will provide working with QUITO, Ecuador
Quito is attracting foreign investors through its Foreign Direct Investment policy more than ever. The importance of translation and localization of the Spanish language is increasing at a rapid pace. Spanish translation is an important aspect to consider to reach the wider audience and localizing technical documentation, writing and editing sales and marketing literature, or editing software, copyright, trademark and patent applications, partnership and employment agreements, mergers, acquisitions and incorporations, trusts and wills.
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