Preston is a city in Lancashire, northern England. Collections at the Harris Museum & Art Gallery include fine and decorative arts and archaeology. The Guild Wheel walking and cycling path run through Avenham and Miller Parks, beside the River Ribble. To the west, Ribble Steam Railway offers rides on restored trains and a hands-on museum. Northeast, the Lancashire Infantry Museum explores local military history.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
The name Preston is derived from Priests’ Town, suggesting early settlement of religious origin dating back to the Anglo-Saxon period. By the 1086 Domesday survey, Preston had become an important market town and administrative center. Its Market Place still occupies the same location some 1,000 years later. Preston. In Preston in 2016, the largest religious group was western (Roman) Catholic, 21.9% of all people, while 35.2% of people had no religion and 9.8% did not answer the question on religion.
Brief City History
Preston began as a village. It was called Priest’s tun, which means a priest’s farm or estate. In the 12th century, it grew into a town. This was partly because of it of its position. Firstly Preston is on a river. In those days it was much cheaper to transport goods by water than by land so goods could be easily transported to and from Preston. Preston was also the first place inland where the river could be bridged so a great deal of traffic passed through the area. Preston was also on the main road from northern to southern England. Many people passed through the town and spend money there. In 1179 Preston was given a charter. (A charter was a document giving the townspeople certain rights). Medieval Preston may have had about 1,500 inhabitants and about half a dozen streets. It would seem very small to us but towns were very small in those days. By the standards of the time, Preston was a fair-sized market town. Though Preston was too small to have stone walls it did have stone gates, where tolls could be charged on goods entering the town. By the 12th century, Preston had a weekly market. From the 13th century, it also had a fair. In the Middle, Ages fairs were like markets but they were held only once a year for a period of several days. People would come from all over Lancashire to buy and sell at a Preston fair.
In the Middle Ages, there was a leper hospital just outside Preston. It was dedicated to St Mary Magdalene. About 1260 the Franciscan friars arrived in Preston. The friars were like monks but instead of withdrawing from the world they went out to preach and to help the poor and the sick. Franciscan friars were called grey friars because of their grey habits. Furthermore, by the 14th century, there was a grammar school in Preston. In the 21st century, Preston continues to thrive. In 2001 a football museum opened in Preston. Furthermore, Preston has become a regional shopping centre for Northwest England. In 2002 Preston was made a city. Today the population of Preston is 114,000.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
89.8% of people living in Preston speak English. The other top languages spoken are 3.2% Gujarati, 1.8% Polish, 0.8% Urdu, 0.7% Panjabi, 0.6% All other Chinese, 0.4% Arabic, 0.2% Malayalam, 0.2% Hungarian, 0.1% Bengali.
Important Types of Commerce in Preston
The main industry in Preston was textiles. Both linen and wool were made in Preston. Like all towns at that time Preston suffered from outbreaks of plague.
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