Nanning, a city in southern China near the Vietnam border, is the capital of the Guangxi region. With a warm tropical climate, it’s known for green spaces such as People’s Park, which includes expansive White Dragon Lake, a hilltop fort and a botanical garden. Displays at the Guangxi Museum include hundreds of bronze and copper drums, important artifacts of the region’s indigenous people. Nanning is located in the southern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 160 km (99 mi) from the border with Vietnam. It has an administrative area of 22,293 km2 (8,607 sq mi). Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of the Baiyue ethnic groups in ancient time. In the first year of the Daxing period of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 318), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of Cantonese food and of Southeast Asia.
Brief City History
Nanning, Wade-Giles romanization Nan-ning, formerly (1913–45) Yongning, city and capital of the Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi, China. The city is located in the south-central part of Guangxi on the north bank of the Yong River (the chief southern tributary of the Xi River system) and lies some 19 miles (30 km) below the confluence of the You and the Zuo rivers. The Yong River (which later becomes the Yu River) affords a good route to Guangzhou (Canton) and is navigable by shallow-draft junks and motor launches, even though it is obstructed by rapids and sandbanks. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 1,031,672; (2007 est.) urban agglom, 2,167,000.A county seat, called Jinxing, was first established at the site in 318 CE; it also became the administrative seat of a commandery. In 589 the commandery was suppressed, and the county was renamed Xuanhua. Under the Tang dynasty (618–907) the prefecture of Yong was established there; it was garrisoned to control the non-Chinese districts in Guangxi and on the border between Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. In the mid-9th century, the Tang and the Tai state of Nanzhao (in what is now western Yunnan) fought over the region, and after 861 it was briefly occupied by Nanzhao. It remained a frontier prefecture throughout the Song dynasty (960–1279), is the scene of a rebellion led by Nong Zhigao in 1052 and thereafter a garrison town. Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911/12) dynasties, it was a superior prefecture, Nanning.
Opened to foreign trade by Qing authorities in 1907, Nanning grew rapidly. From 1912 to 1936 it was the provincial capital of Guangxi, replacing Guilin. Earlier in the 20th century, the city had spilled over from the old walled city into a southern suburban area. In the 1930s Nanning became the centre of a “model provincial government,” under the warlord Li Zongren, and a spacious modern city was laid out. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45), Nanning was temporarily occupied in 1940 by the Japanese. It subsequently became an important U.S. airbase supporting the Chinese armies in Guangxi, but during 1944–45 it was again under Japanese occupation. In 1949 Nanning again became the provincial capital, first of Guangxi province and then of the Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi, which replaced it in 1958. Until then Nanning had essentially been a commercial centre dependent on Guangzhou and on the Xi River system. In the late 1930s, a railway was begun, joining Hengyang in southern Hunan province with Guilin, Liuzhou, Nanning, and the Vietnam border, while another was begun from Liuzhou to Guiyang in Guizhou. The construction of the Nanning section of this line was halted in 1940 by the Japanese advances, however, and was not completed until 1951, after which Nanning was directly linked with central China; completion of a branch line to the port of Zhanjiang (in Guangdong) in 1957 gave it a direct outlet to the sea. During the French Indochina War (1946–54), Nanning was the chief support base in China for Vietnamese forces, and, during the ensuing Vietnam War in the 1960s and early 1970s, it again became a staging post for sending supplies southward to what was then North Vietnam. It was also an important military supply centre during the Sino-Vietnam confrontation in 1979.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Nanning is regarded as one of the most successful cities in China in terms of popularizing Mandarin or ‘common language’.
Important Types of Commerce in Nanning
Nanning is a centre for printing and papermaking, and heavy industry is also important—as is the production of building materials, especially cement.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Nanning
The rising Chinese economy requires impeccable interpreting and translation language services. Companies, NGOs, political organizations and international firms must seek Chinese interpreters and translators. While Mandarin Chinese is considered the star of Chinese business languages, odds are any dealings with Chinese business professionals require the use of both Cantonese and Taiwanese as well. A language services firm must be able to accommodate all three dialects or there is no guarantee your message will be accurately conveyed. A language solutions team, be they are interpreters and/or professional translators – should have a sound working knowledge of both forms (written and spoken) so they have the flexibility and knowledge to work in all major forms of Chinese.
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