Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers. As the capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative center of the Minsk Region and Minsk District. Forests, rivers and lakes occupy a large territory of Belarus. No wonder the country is called the “Lungs of Europe”. But, the population of Minsk, the capital of Belarus, is about 2 million, so Minsk is the 11th most populous city in Europe.
Historical, Cultural facts & Religion
Minsk, which was a Principality of Polatsk town, was burnt down by the Kievan army during a war between Kiev and Polatsk. Later the fort was rebuilt and renamed Mensk. There are several theories on the origin of the name. The settlement on the banks of Menka river to the southwest of today’s Minsk. The culture of Belarus is the product of a millennium of development under the impact. The National Academic Theatre of Ballet, in Minsk, was awarded the Prix Benois de la Danse in 1996 as the top ballet company in the world.
Brief City History
Minsk is a political, economic, scientific and cultural center of Belarus. The city is located near the geographical center of Belarus. Its area is 348,850 square kilometers. The population is 1,966,300 (as of September 2016), or 20% of the country’s total population. Founded as a fortress of the Principality of Polotsk, Minsk was the center of an apanage principality and a voivodeship, a gubernatorial city and is now the capital of a 10-million nation. During its centuries-old history, Minsk has been burned to ashes many times, but it would always rise, grow and flourish. There is a legend that Minsk was founded by the glorious bogatyr nicknamed Menesk who settled near the bridge across the Svisloch River. Menesk built an impressive stone mill on seven wheels on the Svisloch. He milled flour not from grain but from huge boulders. At midnight, Menesk, riding on its mill, traveled across villages recruiting strong and courageous people who later formed a nation that settled near the mill. This is how the city of Mensk named after bogatyr Menesk was founded. The fact-based history of Minsk (Men’sk, Menesk, Minesk) starts with the first mention in the historical chronicle, the Tale of Bygone Years, in connection with the bloody battle on the Nemiga River on 3 March 1067. Most probably, Minsk was founded by Prince Vseslav of Polotsk (also known as Vseslav the Sorcerer). He ordered to build a fortress at the confluence of the Nemiga and Svisloch rivers in the 11th century. Minsk Castle was founded in the 11th century as a fortress on the southern borders of the Principality of Polotsk.
Language (s) Written & Spoken
Belarusian national revival increased the use of the Belarusian language but after World War II (by mid-1980s), Minsk was almost exclusively Russian-speaking. Most residents now use Russian in day-to-day life. Belarusian is understood as well. Today, the most commonly used international language is English.
Important Types of Commerce in Minsk
Some of its main industries are tractors and agricultural equipment (Belarusian tractors are well regarded throughout the region) automotive industry (including dump trucks and earthmovers) electrical equipment and household appliances, radio electronics, chemicals, textiles, and timber.
Language Services US and others will provide working with Minsk
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